Basic Summary for Whooping Cough


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Main name of condition: Whooping Cough
Other names or spellings: Pertussis, 100-day cough


What is Whooping Cough?
  Brief description of Whooping Cough: Infectious cough that can be dangerous to infants.
  Parent types of Whooping Cough: Bacterial diseases, Respiratory conditions, Under-diagnosed conditions, Vaccine-preventable diseases, Diseases contagious from droplets
  Organs Affected by Whooping Cough: throat
How many people get Whooping Cough?
  Incidence (annual) of Whooping Cough: 7,405 cases annually in USA (1998); under-diagnosis of cases in adults means the real prevalence may be much higher
  Incidence Rate of Whooping Cough: approx 1 in 36,731 or 0.00% or 7,405 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Whooping Cough: In the United States, 5000-7000 cases are reported each year. Incidence of pertussis has increased steadily since the 1980s. The highest incidence since 1967 (2.9/100,000) was reported in 1996, when 7796 cases of pertussis were reported.1
Who gets Whooping Cough?
  Patient Profile for Whooping Cough: Typically infants and children, but more recently many teens, adults and elderly have pertussis (often undiagnosed).
How serious is Whooping Cough?
  Deaths for Whooping Cough: 17 people died annually from whooping cough in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, 2001)
  Complications of Whooping Cough: see complications of Whooping Cough
What causes Whooping Cough?
  Causes of Whooping Cough: Occurs through direct contact with discharges from respiratory mucous membranes of infected persons. 1
  Class of Condition for Whooping Cough: bacterial
  Causes of Whooping Cough: see causes of Whooping Cough
  Risk factors for Whooping Cough: see risk factors for Whooping Cough
What are the symptoms of Whooping Cough?
  Incubation period for Whooping Cough: 7 to 21 days
  Duration of Whooping Cough: Typically about 7 weeks; has been called the "100-day cough" because it can last 100 days.
  Symptoms of Whooping Cough: see symptoms of Whooping Cough
Can anyone else get Whooping Cough?
  More information: see contagiousness of Whooping Cough
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Whooping Cough: see treatments for Whooping Cough
  Prevention of Whooping Cough: see prevention of Whooping Cough
Society issues for Whooping Cough
  Hospitalization statistics for Whooping Cough: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Whooping Cough:
  • 0.0042% (531) of hospital consultant episodes were for whooping cough in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 97% of hospital consultant episodes for whooping cough required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 46% of hospital consultant episodes for whooping cough were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 54% of hospital consultant episodes for whooping cough were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 94% of hospital consultant episodes for whooping cough required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for whooping cough in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for whooping cough in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for whooping cough in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for whooping cough occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for whooping cough occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for whooping cough were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.0042% (2,180) of hospital bed days were for whooping cough in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Pertussis: DBMD

Last revision: June 26, 2003

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