Basic Summary for Urinary Incontinence


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Main name of condition: Urinary Incontinence
Other names or spellings: UI, Bladder Incontinence


What is Urinary Incontinence?
  Brief description of Urinary Incontinence: Reduced ability to control urine flow.
  Parent types of Urinary Incontinence: Urinary disorders, Incontinence
  Organs Affected by Urinary Incontinence: bladder, urination, urine, ureter
  Types of Urinary Incontinence: Stress incontinence, Urge incontinence, Functional incontinence, Overflow incontinence, Mixed incontinence, Transient incontinence, Bladder Incontinence (Pregnancy), Urinary incontinence in children, Bedwetting, Primary enuresis, Secondary enuresis, Nocturnal enuresis, Diurnal enuresis
How many people get Urinary Incontinence?
  Prevalance of Urinary Incontinence: 13 million adults (NIDDK); 1 in 10 over 65 (NWHIC).
  Prevalance Rate of Urinary Incontinence: approx 1 in 20 or 4.78% or 13 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Urinary Incontinence: More than 13 million people in the United States--male and female, young and old--experience incontinence. 1 ... The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) cites studies indicating that one in four women ages 30 to 59 has experienced urinary incontinence.2
Who gets Urinary Incontinence?
  Profile for Urinary Incontinence: Women experience incontinence two times more often than men. Pregnancy and childbirth, menopause, and the structure of the female urinary tract account for this difference. But both women and men can become incontinent from strokes, multiple sclerosis, and physical problems associated with old age. 1
  Gender Profile for Urinary Incontinence: At least twice as common in women as men; perhaps as much as women 9:1 men.
How serious is Urinary Incontinence?
  Complications of Urinary Incontinence: see complications of Urinary Incontinence
What causes Urinary Incontinence?
  Causes of Urinary Incontinence: see causes of Urinary Incontinence
  Risk factors for Urinary Incontinence: see risk factors for Urinary Incontinence
What are the symptoms of Urinary Incontinence?
  Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence: see symptoms of Urinary Incontinence
How is it treated?
  Specialists for Urinary Incontinence: Gynecologist, Obstetrician, Urogynecologist, Urologist
  Treatments for Urinary Incontinence: see treatments for Urinary Incontinence
Society issues for Urinary Incontinence
  Costs of Urinary Incontinence: $16.3 billion in the USA 2001 (Obstetrics and Gynecology, 98:398-406, 2001)
  Costs of Urinary Incontinence: AHCPR estimates that the annual costs for caring for people with UI are $11.2 billion in the community and $5.2 billion in nursing homes. Most of this money is spent on management measures, such as pads and diapers, rather than on treatment. 2

Cost statistics for Urinary Incontinence: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Urinary Incontinence:

  • $16.4 billion including $11.2 billion in community and $5.2 billion in nursing homes (NIDDK)
  • $16.3 billion was spend in direct expenditure for urinary incontinence in the US 1995 (Annual Direct Cost of Urinary Incontinence, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2001, NIDDK)

  Hospitalization statistics for Urinary Incontinence: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Urinary Incontinence:
  • 0.046% (5,838) of hospital consultant episodes were for unspecified urinary incontinence in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 96% of hospital consultant episodes for unspecified urinary incontinence required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 30% of hospital consultant episodes for unspecified urinary incontinence were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 70% of hospital consultant episodes for unspecified urinary incontinence were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10% of hospital consultant episodes for unspecified urinary incontinence required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 6.1 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for unspecified urinary incontinence in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for unspecified urinary incontinence in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 55 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for unspecified urinary incontinence in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43% of hospital consultant episodes for unspecified urinary incontinence occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 24% of hospital consultant episodes for unspecified urinary incontinence occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 52% of hospital consultant episodes for unspecified urinary incontinence were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.028% (14,785) of hospital bed days were for unspecified urinary incontinence in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Urinary Incontinence in Women: NIDDK
2. excerpt from What Your Female Patients Want to Know About Bladder Control: NIDDK

Last revision: Oct 30, 2003

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