Basic Summary for Trichomoniasis


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Main name of condition: Trichomoniasis
Other names or spellings: Trichomonas Infection, Trichomonas vaginalis, Trichomoniasis vaginitis, Trich


What is Trichomoniasis?
  Brief description of Trichomoniasis: Sexually transmitted parasitic infection.
  Parent types of Trichomoniasis: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Male sexual conditions, Under-diagnosed conditions, Diseases contagious from sex, Diseases contagious from towels, Diseases contagious from vaginal sex, Vagina conditions
  Organs Affected by Trichomoniasis: sexual organs, vagina, penis
How many people get Trichomoniasis?
  Incidence (annual) of Trichomoniasis: 5 million cases annually in the USA (CDC 2001)
  Incidence Rate of Trichomoniasis: approx 1 in 54 or 1.84% or 5 million people in USA [about data]
  Worldwide prevalence:170 million globally (NIAID)
  Worldwide incidence of Trichomoniasis:2-3 million annually (NIAID)
  Prevalance of Trichomoniasis: In the United States, it is estimated that 2 million women become infected each year.1 ... An estimated 5 million new cases occur each year in women and men.2
  Incidence of Trichomoniasis: Approximately 5 million cases of trichomoniasis occur annually in the United States.3
How serious is Trichomoniasis?
  Prognosis of Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis can usually be cured with the prescription drug metronidazole given by mouth in a single dose.2
  Complications of Trichomoniasis: see complications of Trichomoniasis
What causes Trichomoniasis?
  Causes of Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis is caused by the single-celled protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. The vagina is the most common site of infection in women, and the urethra is the most common site of infection in men. 2
  Class of Condition for Trichomoniasis: parasite protozoa
  Causes of Trichomoniasis: see causes of Trichomoniasis
  Risk factors for Trichomoniasis: see risk factors for Trichomoniasis
What are the symptoms of Trichomoniasis?
  Incubation period for Trichomoniasis: 4-20 days after exposure symptoms can appear.
  Incubation period for Trichomoniasis: Most women who develop symptoms do so within 6 months of being infected.1
  Symptoms of Trichomoniasis: see symptoms of Trichomoniasis
Can anyone else get Trichomoniasis?
  Contagion of Trichomoniasis: Mainly caught sexually; rare transmission from a towel or toilet water.
  More information: see contagiousness of Trichomoniasis
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Trichomoniasis: see treatments for Trichomoniasis
  Prevention of Trichomoniasis: see prevention of Trichomoniasis
Society issues for Trichomoniasis
  Hospitalization statistics for Trichomoniasis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Trichomoniasis:
  • 0.001% (15) of hospital consultant episodes were for trichomoniasis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 93% of hospital consultant episodes for trichomoniasis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for trichomoniasis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for trichomoniasis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 71% of hospital consultant episodes for trichomoniasis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3.6 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for trichomoniasis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for trichomoniasis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 37 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for trichomoniasis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 73% of hospital consultant episodes for trichomoniasis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7% of hospital consultant episodes for trichomoniasis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 13% of hospital consultant episodes for trichomoniasis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.0001% (40) of hospital bed days were for trichomoniasis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Trichomonas Infection: DPD
2. excerpt from Trichomoniasis: DSTD
3. excerpt from Sexually Transmitted Diseases Statistics, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

Last revision: June 23, 2003

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