Treatments for Transient Ischemic Attack
Treatment list for Transient Ischemic Attack: The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Transient Ischemic Attack includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.
- Emergency treatment - because it is impossible to distinguish between a stroke and a TIA.
- Carotid artery surgery
- Stroke-prevention treatments - see also prevention of stroke
- Lifestyle changes
- Treatment of any underlying condition and reducing any risk factors
Treatments of Transient Ischemic Attack discussion: Because there is no way to tell whether symptoms are from a TIA or an acute stroke, patients should assume that all stroke-like symptoms signal an emergency and should not wait to see if they go away. A prompt evaluation (within 60 minutes) is necessary to identify the cause of the TIA and determine appropriate therapy. Depending on a patientís medical history and the results of a medical examination, the doctor may recommend drug therapy or surgery to reduce the risk of stroke in people who have had a TIA. The use of antiplatelet agents, particularly aspirin, is a standard treatment for patients at risk for stroke. People with atrial fibrillation (irregular beating of the heart) may be prescribed anticoagulants. 1
The most important treatable factors linked to TIAs and stroke are high
blood pressure, cigarette smoking, heart disease, carotid artery disease,
diabetes, and heavy use of alcohol. Medical help is available to reduce
and eliminate these factors. Lifestyle changes such as eating a balanced
diet, maintaining healthy weight, exercising, and enrolling in smoking and
alcohol cessation programs can also reduce these factors.
1. excerpt from NINDS Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Information Page: NINDS
Last revision: June 23, 2003
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