Types of Thyroid disorders
Types list: The list of types of Thyroid disorders mentioned in various sources includes:
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis - an autoimmune form of hypothyroidism.
- Graves' disease - an autoimmune form of hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid cancer
- Postpartum thyroiditis
- Autoimmune thyroid diseases
- Iodine deficiency
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 3
Types discussion: Hypothyroidism is the most common form of thyroid disease. It occurs when the thyroid does not produce enough thyroid hormone-causing the body use energy more slowly than it should. Symptoms may include feeling sluggish, cold, depressed, forgetful, experiencing dry hair and skin, constipation, and increased menstrual flow. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks the thyroid and keeps it from producing enough thyroid hormone. It is the most common form of hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces too much thyroid hormone and makes the body use more energy than it should. Symptoms may include nervousness, irritability, shaky hands, increased perspiration, warm skin, thinning hair, weight loss, decreased menstruation, eye changes, and weak leg muscles. Grave's disease is the most common form of hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune condition in which the body produces antibodies that overstimulate the thyroid gland, so that it produces too much thyroid hormone.
Postpartum thyroiditis is a swelling of the thyroid that occurs in 5%-7% of women who give birth, and can cause temporarily high levels of thyroid hormone.
Most thyroid cancers grow very slowly and can be effectively treated. Although anyone can get thyroid cancer, people who as children received head or neck x-ray treatments for tonsillitis or other conditions (generally from the 1920s to 1960s) are more at risk. 1
1. excerpt from Thyroid Disease: NWHIC
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