Basic Summary for Stroke


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Main name of condition: Stroke
Other names or spellings: cerebrovascular accident, brain attack, apoplexy


What is Stroke?
  Brief description of Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.
  Parent types of Stroke: Cerebrovascular Conditions, Cardiovascular diseases, Brain conditions
  Organs Affected by Stroke: brain
  Types of Stroke: Ischemic stroke, Hemorrhagic stroke, Right hemisphere stroke, Left hemisphere stroke, Cerebellar stroke, Brain stem stroke
How many people get Stroke?
  Prevalance of Stroke: estimated 4.6 million (NHLBI)
  Prevalance Rate of Stroke: approx 1 in 59 or 1.69% or 4.6 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Stroke: 600,000 annually (CDC) including 500,000 new cases and 100,000 recurrences.
  Incidence Rate of Stroke: approx 1 in 453 or 0.22% or 600,000 people in USA [about data]
  Worldwide incidence of Stroke:estimated 15 million people worldwide survive minor strokes each year (Cardiovascular Diseases Prevention and Control, WHO, 2001-2002)
Who gets Stroke?
  Patient Profile for Stroke: More common with age
  Gender Profile for Stroke: More common in men
How serious is Stroke?
  Prognosis of Stroke: Unpredictable. About 20% of patients die in hospital. Others have complications of stroke.
  Prognosis of Stroke: Although stroke is a disease of the brain, it can affect the entire body. Some of the disabilities that can result from stroke include paralysis, cognitive deficits, speech problems, emotional difficulties, daily living problems, and pain. 1
  Average life years lost for Stroke: 3.5 average YPLL/person for stroke in Michigan2.
  Deaths for Stroke: 167,366 deaths in 1999 (CDC); 7.0% of deaths in 1999.
  Cause of death rank for Stroke: 3rd top leading cause of death in 1999 and 2000 (CDC)
  Complications of Stroke: see complications of Stroke
What causes Stroke?
  Causes of Stroke: see causes of Stroke
  Risk factors for Stroke: see risk factors for Stroke
What are the symptoms of Stroke?
  Symptoms of Stroke: see symptoms of Stroke
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Stroke: see treatments for Stroke
  Prevention of Stroke: see prevention of Stroke
  Research for Stroke: see research for Stroke
Society issues for Stroke
  Costs of Stroke: $49.4 billion with $30.8b direct, $5.6b morbidity, $13.0b mortality (NHLBI 2002)
  Costs of Stroke: Heart disease and stroke cost the nation almost $260 billion annually. 3

Cost statistics for Stroke: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Stroke:

  • $2.7 billion spent each year in Canada (Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada Web site)
  • $1,258 million in hospital costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $75 million in physician costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $112 million in 1,565 costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $2 million in research costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1 million in direct costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,446 million in long-term disability costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,226 million in indirect costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,226 million for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)

  Hospitalizations for Stroke: 926,000 hospitalizations per year in the USA 1995 (US Government Statistics)
  Hospitalization statistics for Stroke: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Stroke:
  • 942,000 hospital discharges were due to strokes in the US 2002 (2002 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • Average length of hospital stay for strokes was 5.3 days in the US 2002 (2002 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 0.069% (8,819) of hospital consultant episodes were for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 79% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 37% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 63% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 63% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 17.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 14% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.196% (102,689) of hospital bed days were for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.121% (15,455) of hospital consultant episodes were for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 64% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 83% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 26.6 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 21% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 47% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.481% (252,353) of hospital bed days were for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.049% (6,277) of hospital consultant episodes were for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 71% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 39% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 16.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 71 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 17% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.138% (72,182) of hospital bed days were for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.508% (64,808) of hospital consultant episodes were for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 54% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 48% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 52% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 90% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 17 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 74 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2.26% (1,186,111) of hospital bed days were for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.42% (53,220) of hospital consultant episodes were for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 62% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 89% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 27.5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 8% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.6% (839,243) of hospital bed days were for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)

  Physician office visits for Stroke: 694,000 visits to the ER per year for stroke in the USA 1995 (US Government Statistics)

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from NINDS Stroke Information Page: NINDS
2. Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, MDCH, Michigan, USA
3. excerpt from Facts About Cardiovascular Disease: CDC-OC

Last revision: June 18, 2003

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