Prevention of Skin conditions:
Americans spend billions of dollars each year on skin care
products that promise to erase wrinkles, lighten age spots, and
eliminate itching, flaking, or redness. But the simplest and
cheapest way to keep your skin healthy and young looking is to stay
out of the sun.1
The best way to keep your skin healthy is to avoid sun
Stay out of the sun. Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 3
p.m. This is when the sunís UV rays are strongest. Donít be fooled
by cloudy skies. Harmful rays pass through clouds. UV radiation also
can pass through water, so donít assume youíre safe if youíre in the
water and feeling cool.
Use sunscreen. Sunscreens are rated in strength according
to a sun protection factor (SPF), which ranges from 2 to 30 or
higher. A higher number means longer protection. Buy products with
an SPF number of 15 or higher. Also look for products whose label
says: broad spectrum (meaning they protect against both types of
harmful sun rays ó UVA and UVB) and water resistant (meaning they
stay on your skin longer, even if you get wet or sweat a lot).
Remember to reapply the lotion as needed.
Wear protective clothing. A hat with a wide brim shades
your neck, ears, eyes, and head. Look for sunglasses with a label
saying the glasses block 99 to 100 percent of the sunís rays. Wear
loose, lightweight, long-sleeved shirts and long pants or long
skirts when in the sun.
Avoid artificial tanning. Donít use sunlamps and tanning
beds, as well as tanning pills and tanning makeup. Tanning pills
have a color additive that turns your skin orange after you take
them. The FDA has approved this color additive for coloring foods
but not for tanning the skin. The large amount of color additive in
tanning pills may be harmful. Tanning make-up products are not
suntan lotions and will not protect your skin from the sun.
Check your skin often. Look for changes in the size,
shape, color, or feel of birthmarks, moles, and spots. If you find
any changes that worry you, see a doctor. The American Academy of
Dermatology suggests that older, fair-skinned people have a yearly
skin check by a doctor as part of a regular physical exam.1