Basic Summary for Psittacosis


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Main name of condition: Psittacosis
Other names or spellings: Chlamydia psittaci, ornithosis, parrot fever


What is Psittacosis?
  Brief description of Psittacosis: Very rare bacteria usually caught from pet birds.
  Parent types of Psittacosis: Respiratory conditions, Zoonotic Diseases, Bacterial diseases, Diseases contagious from droplets, Diseases contagious from birds
  Organs Affected by Psittacosis: respiratory, lungs
How many people get Psittacosis?
  Incidence (annual) of Psittacosis: 16 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  Incidence Rate of Psittacosis: approx 1 in 17,000,000 or 0.00% or 16 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Psittacosis: Since 1996, fewer than 50 confirmed cases were reported in the United States each year. Many more cases may occur that are not correctly diagnosed or reported.1
How serious is Psittacosis?
  Complications of Psittacosis: see complications of Psittacosis
What causes Psittacosis?
  Causes of Psittacosis: Infection is acquired by inhaling dried secretions from infected birds.1 ... Although all birds are susceptible, pet birds (parrots, parakeets, macaws, and cockatiels) and poultry (turkeys and ducks) are most frequently involved in transmission to humans.1
  Class of Condition for Psittacosis: bacterial
  Causes of Psittacosis: see causes of Psittacosis
  Risk factors for Psittacosis: see risk factors for Psittacosis
What are the symptoms of Psittacosis?
  Incubation period for Psittacosis: 1 to 3 weeks
  Incubation period for Psittacosis: The incubation period is 6 to 19 days.1
  Duration of Psittacosis: usually 2-3 weeks with early treatment
  Symptoms of Psittacosis: see symptoms of Psittacosis
Can anyone else get Psittacosis?
  Contagion of Psittacosis: Spread by airborne droplets and from birds.
  More information: see contagiousness of Psittacosis
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Psittacosis: see treatments for Psittacosis
Society issues for Psittacosis
  Hospitalization statistics for Psittacosis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Psittacosis:
  • 0.0002% (21) of hospital consultant episodes were for chlamydia psittaci infection in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 48% of hospital consultant episodes for chlamydia psittaci infection required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43% of hospital consultant episodes for chlamydia psittaci infection were for chlamydia psittaci infection men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital consultant episodes for chlamydia psittaci infection were for chlamydia psittaci infection women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 80% of hospital consultant episodes for chlamydia psittaci infection required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12.8 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for chlamydia psittaci infection in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for chlamydia psittaci infection in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 35 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for chlamydia psittaci infection in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 86% of hospital consultant episodes for chlamydia psittaci infection occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5% of hospital consultant episodes for chlamydia psittaci infection occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for chlamydia psittaci infection were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.0003% (166) of hospital bed days were for chlamydia psittaci infection in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Psittacosis: DBMD

Last revision: April 3, 2003

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