Complications of Pregnancy


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About complications: Complications of Pregnancy are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other disorders that are caused by Pregnancy. In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Pregnancy and complications of Pregnancy is unclear or arbitrary.

Complications list for Pregnancy: The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Pregnancy includes:

Complications of Pregnancy: Women who are pregnant can become infected with the same sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) as women who are not pregnant.  Pregnancy does not provide women or their babies any protection against STDs.  In fact, the consequences of an STD can be significantly more serious--even life threatening--for a woman and her baby if the woman becomes infected with an STD while she is pregnant.  As the list of diseases known to be sexually transmitted continues to grow, it is increasingly important that women be aware of the harmful effects of these diseases and know how to protect themselves and their children against infection. 1

Although many pregnant women with high blood pressure have healthy babies without serious problems, high blood pressure can be dangerous for both the mother and the fetus. Women with pre-existing, or chronic, high blood pressure are more likely to have certain complications during pregnancy than those with normal blood pressure. However, some women develop high blood pressure while they are pregnant (often called gestational hypertension). 2

According to the New England Journal of Medicine, an estimated 10 to 45 percent of pregnant women in the first trimester, unaware of their condition, reach for the most common OTC drug, aspirin. Aspirin and other drugs containing salicylate are not recommended throughout pregnancy, especially during the last three months, except under a doctor's supervision. Acetylsalicylate, a common ingredient in many OTC painkillers, may prolong pregnancy and cause excessive bleeding before and after delivery. 3

Complications of Pregnancy: medical news summaries: The following medical news items are relevant to complications of Pregnancy:

Complication statistics for Pregnancy: The following are statistics from various sources about the complications of Pregnancy:

  • Poorly controlled diabetes before conception and during first trimester of pregnancy can cause major birth defects in 5-10% of pregnancies in the US 2001 (National Diabetes Statistics fact sheet, NIDDK, 2003)
  • Poorly controlled diabetes during 2nd and third trimester of pregnancy can cause overly large babies in the US 2001 (National Diabetes Statistics fact sheet, NIDDK, 2003)
  • Poorly controlled diabetes before conception and during first trimester of pregnancy can cause spontaneous abortions in 15-20% of pregnancies in the US 2001 (National Diabetes Statistics fact sheet, NIDDK, 2003)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from STDs and Pregnancy: DSTD
2. excerpt from High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy: NHLBI
3. excerpt from Pregnancy and Medications: NWHIC

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