Introduction: Polycystic kidney disease


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Polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.

Polycystic kidney disease: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. The cysts are filled with fluid. PKD cysts can slowly replace much of the mass of the kidneys, reducing kidney function and leading to kidney failure.

The kidneys are two organs, each about the size of a fist, located in the upper part of a person's abdomen, toward the back. The kidneys filter wastes from the blood to form urine. They also regulate amounts of certain vital substances in the body.

When PKD causes kidneys to fail--which usually happens only after many years--the patient requires dialysis or kidney transplantation. About one-half of people with the major type of PKD progress to kidney failure, i.e., end-stage renal disease (ESRD). 1

Researching symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease: Further information about the symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease is available including a list of symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease, other diseases that might have similar symptoms in differential diagnosis of Polycystic kidney disease, or alternatively return to research other symptoms in the symptom center.

Misdiagnosis and Polycystic kidney disease: Research more detailed information about misdiagnosis of Polycystic kidney disease, or research misdiagnosis of other diseases

Treatments for Polycystic kidney disease: Various information is available about treatments available for Polycystic kidney disease, or research treatments for other diseases.

Statistics and Polycystic kidney disease: Various sources and calculations are available in statistics about Polycystic kidney disease, prevalence and incidence statistics for Polycystic kidney disease, and you can also research other medical statistics in our statistics center.

         Contents for Polycystic kidney disease:

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Polycystic Kidney Disease: NIDDK

Last revision: June 10, 2003

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