Misdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


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About underlying conditions: With a diagnosis of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, it is important to consider whether there is an underlying condition causing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. These are other medical conditions that may possibly cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. For general information on this form of misdiagnosis, see Underlying Condition Misdiagnosis or Overview of Misdiagnosis

Underlying conditions list: The list of possible underlying conditions mentioned in various sources for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease includes:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Gardnerella vaginalis infection
  • Bacteroides infection
  • Appendicitis - occasionally causes bacterial transfer to cause PID.
  • Childbirth - PID can occur as a complication
  • Abortion (see Pregnancy symptoms) - PID can occur as a complication
  • Reproductive surgery - PID can occur as a complication
  • Ruptured appendix
  • Appendix surgery
  • HIV - PID that does not respond to treatment can indicate HIV.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease as a complication: Other conditions that might have Pelvic Inflammatory Disease as a complication might be potential underlying conditions. The list of conditions listing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease as a complication includes:

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease as a symptom: Conditions listing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease as a symptom may also be potential underlying conditions:

Underlying conditions discussion: Up to 40% of women with untreated chlamydia will develop PID. Undiagnosed PID caused by chlamydia is common. Of those with PID, 20% will become infertile; 18% will experience debilitating, chronic pelvic pain; and 9% will have a life-threatening tubal pregnancy. Tubal pregnancy is the leading cause of first-trimester, pregnancy-related deaths in American women. 1

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Chlamydia in the US: DSTD

Last revision: June 10, 2003

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