Basic Summary for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


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Main name of condition: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Other names or spellings: PID, PID infection


What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
  Brief description of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  Parent types of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Female sexual conditions, Uterus conditions, Ovary conditions, Adolescent conditions, Diseases contagious from sex, Diseases contagious from oral sex, Diseases contagious from anal sex, Diseases contagious from vaginal sex, Fallopian tube conditions, Pelvis conditions
  Organs Affected by Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: uterus, pelvis, ovaries, fallopian tubes
  Types of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Acute PID, Chronic PID, Gonococcal PID, Chlamydial PID, Atypical pelvic inflammatory disease, Silent pelvic inflammatory disease, Symptomatic pelvic inflammatory disease
How many people get Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
  Incidence (annual) of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: 1 million women have a PID episode each year (NIAID)
  Incidence Rate of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: approx 1 in 272 or 0.37% or 1 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Each year in the United States, more than 1 million women experience an episode of acute PID. More than 100,000 women become infertile each year as a result of PID, and a large proportion of the ectopic pregnancies occurring every year are due to the consequences of PID.1 ... Each year in the United States, more than 1 million women experience an episode of acute PID, with the rate of infection highest among teenagers.2
Who gets Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
  Patient Profile for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Women only. Most common in teenagers; young women who are sexually active.
  Gender Profile for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Women only.
How serious is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
  Deaths for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: 108 deaths reported in USA 1999 for inflammation of female pelvic organs (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Complications of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: see complications of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
What causes Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
  Cause of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Vaginal infection going back up the female sexual tract; often occurs during menstruation.
  Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: PID occurs when bacteria move upward from a woman's vagina or cervix into the internal reproductive organs. Sexually active women in their childbearing years are most at risk. Many different organisms can cause PID, but most cases are associated with gonorrhea and chlamydia, two very common bacterial STDs. It is estimated that 10% to 80% of women with either of these STDs will develop symptomatic PID. 1
  Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: see causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  Risk factors for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: see risk factors for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
What are the symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
  Symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: see symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Can anyone else get Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
  Contagion of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Sexual activity; sexual intercourse, anal sex, oral sex.
  More information: see contagiousness of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: see treatments for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  Prevention of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: see prevention of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  Research for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: see research for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Society issues for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  Costs of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: estimated $7 billion in 1997 (NIAID)
  Costs of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: In 1997 alone, an estimated $7 billion was spent on PID and its complications.2
  Hospitalization statistics for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease:
  • 0.018% (2,271) of hospital consultant episodes were for salpingitis and oophoritis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 90% of hospital consultant episodes for salpingitis and oophoritis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for salpingitis and oophoritis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 34% of hospital consultant episodes for salpingitis and oophoritis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for salpingitis and oophoritis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for salpingitis and oophoritis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 37 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for salpingitis and oophoritis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 96% of hospital consultant episodes for salpingitis and oophoritis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for salpingitis and oophoritis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19% of hospital consultant episodes for salpingitis and oophoritis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.016% (8,354) of hospital bed days were for salpingitis and oophoritis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.009% (1,094) of hospital consultant episodes were for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 98% of hospital consultant episodes for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33% of hospital consultant episodes for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 79% of hospital consultant episodes for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10% of hospital consultant episodes for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 39% of hospital consultant episodes for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.004% (1,991) of hospital bed days were for inflammatory disease of cervix uteri in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.021% (2,636) of hospital consultant episodes were for other female pelvic inflammatory disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for other female pelvic inflammatory disease required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for other female pelvic inflammatory disease were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2% of hospital consultant episodes for other female pelvic inflammatory disease required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2.7 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for other female pelvic inflammatory disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for other female pelvic inflammatory disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 40 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for other female pelvic inflammatory disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 93% of hospital consultant episodes for other female pelvic inflammatory disease occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for other female pelvic inflammatory disease occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 80% of hospital consultant episodes for other female pelvic inflammatory disease were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.003% (1,407) of hospital bed days were for other female pelvic inflammatory disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from PID: DSTD
2. excerpt from Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

Last revision: June 10, 2003

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