Organ: Liver


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Liver: Large internal organ with various functions
Introduction: The liver is a large internal organ that helps with digestion and various metabolic processes. It secretes bile that is used in the duodenum and small intestine for digestion of nutrients. The liver also metabolizes various substances to neutralize them and avoid harmful build-up of certain waste products. Glucose is also stored and released by the liver, depending on a complex interaction between blood sugar levels and the pancreas (involving insulin and glucagon levels).
Introduction: The liver, the largest organ in the body, is essential in keeping the body functioning properly. It removes or neutralizes poisons from the blood, produces immune agents to control infection, and removes germs and bacteria from the blood. It makes proteins that regulate blood clotting and produces bile to help absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins. You cannot live without a functioning liver. 1

The liver is the largest organ in the body. It is found behind the ribs on the right side of the abdomen. The liver has two parts, a right lobe and a smaller left lobe.

The liver has many important functions that keep a person healthy. It removes harmful material from the blood. It makes enzymes and bile that help digest food. It also converts food into substances needed for life and growth.

The liver gets its supply of blood from two vessels. Most of its blood comes from the hepatic portal vein. The rest comes from the hepatic artery.2


Condition count: 34 ; see list below.
Organ types: Organs (323)
Produces: bile
Number: 1 liver
Related organs: bile duct (9), gall bladder (7), small intestine (7), hepatic artery, portal vein (1)
Main condition: Liver conditions
Organs: all organs

Diseases list: The following list of medical conditions have 'Liver' or similar listed as an affected body part in our database:

A

  • Alcoholic liver disease ... liver
  • Alcoholism ... liver
  • Alveolar Hydatid Disease ... liver
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis ... liver

    C

  • Chronic Hepatitis B ... liver
  • Chronic Hepatitis C ... liver
  • Chronic liver disease ... liver
  • Cirrhosis of the liver ... liver

    F

  • Fascioliasis ... liver

    G

  • Gaucher Disease ... liver

    H

  • Hemochromatosis ... liver
  • Hepatitis ... liver
  • Hepatitis A ... liver
  • Hepatitis B ... liver
  • Hepatitis C ... liver
  • Hepatitis D ... liver
  • Hepatitis E ... liver
  • Hepatitis X ... liver
  • Hepatoma ... liver

    J

  • Jaundice ... liver

    L

  • Liver abscess ... liver
  • Liver cancer ... liver
  • Liver conditions ... liver
  • Liver failure ... liver

    N

  • Neonatal Jaundice ... liver

    P

  • Portal hypertension ... liver
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis ... liver
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis ... liver

    S

  • Sarcoidosis ... liver
  • Schistosomiasis ... liver

    T

  • Tapeworms ... liver

    V

  • Viral Hepatitis ... liver

    W

  • Wilson's Disease ... liver

    Z

  • Zellweger Syndrome ... liver

    Footnotes:
    1. excerpt from Cirrhosis of the Liver: NIDDK
    2. excerpt from What You Need To Know About Liver Cancer: NCI

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