Organ: Central nervous system


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Central nervous system: Major body nervous system including brain and spinal cord
Introduction: Together, the brain and spinal cord form the central nervous system. This complex system is part of everything we do. It controls the things we choose to do -- like walk and talk -- and the things our body does automatically -- like breathe and digest food. The central nervous system is also involved with our senses -- seeing, hearing, touching, tasting, and smelling -- as well as our emotions, thoughts, and memory.1
Condition count: 174 ; see list below.
Organ subtypes: brain (165), spinal cord (22)
Organs: all organs

Diseases list: The following list of medical conditions have 'Central nervous system' or similar listed as an affected body part in our database:

A

  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis ... brain, spinal cord
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy ... brain, spinal cord
  • Adult-onset ALD ... brain, spinal cord
  • Agenesis of the corpus callosum ... brain
  • Agnosia ... brain
  • Aicardi syndrome ... brain
  • Alexander Syndrome ... brain, spinal cord
  • Alpers Syndrome ... brain
  • Alternating Hemiplegia ... brain
  • Alveolar Hydatid Disease ... brain
  • Alzheimer's Disease ... brain
  • Amnesia ... brain
  • Amnesic shellfish poisoning ... brain
  • Amnestic disorder ... brain
  • Anencephaly ... brain, spinal cord
  • Angelman syndrome ... brain
  • Anoxia ... brain
  • Aphasia ... brain
  • Apraxia ... brain
  • Arachnoid Cysts ... brain
  • Arachnoiditis ... brain
  • Arteriovenous Malformation ... brain
  • Asperger syndrome ... brain
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia ... brain
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ... brain
  • Auditory Processing Disorder ... brain
  • Autism ... brain

    B

  • Bacterial meningitis ... brain, cns
  • Balance disorders ... brain
  • Binswanger's Disease ... brain
  • Bipolar disorder ... brain
  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy ... brain
  • Brain abscess ... brain
  • Brain cancer ... brain
  • Brain compression ... brain
  • Brain conditions ... brain
  • Brain damage ... brain
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome ... spinal cord

    C

  • Canavan disease ... brain
  • Central Pain Syndrome ... brain
  • Cephalic disorders ... brain
  • Cephalic tetanus ... brain
  • Cerebral Aneurysm ... brain
  • Cerebral Arteriosclerosis ... brain
  • Cerebral Atrophy ... brain
  • Cerebral hemorrhage ... brain
  • Cerebral Palsy ... brain
  • Cerebrovascular Conditions ... brain
  • Chiari Malformation ... brain
  • Chorea ... brain
  • Chronic wasting disease (CWD) of mule deer and elk ... brain
  • Classic childhood ALD ... brain, spinal cord
  • Coma ... brain
  • Concussion ... brain
  • Convulsions ... brain
  • Corticobasal Degeneration ... brain
  • Craniosynostosis ... brain
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease ... brain
  • Cryptococcal Meningitis ... brain

    D

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome ... brain
  • Delirium ... brain
  • Dementia ... brain
  • Dementia With Lewy Bodies ... brain
  • Dysgraphia ... brain
  • Dyslexia ... brain
  • Dystonias ... brain

    E

  • Eastern equine encephalitis ... brain
  • Empty Sella Syndrome ... brain
  • Encephalitis ... brain
  • Encephalitis, California serogroup viral ... brain
  • Encephaloceles ... brain
  • Epilepsy ... brain

    F

  • Fahr's Syndrome ... brain
  • Fatal familial insomnia ... brain
  • Febrile Seizures ... brain
  • Feline spongiform encephalopathy ... brain
  • Female carrier ALD ... brain, spinal cord
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome ... brain
  • Friedreich's ataxia ... brain, spinal cord

    G

  • Gaucher Disease ... brain
  • Gerstmann's Syndrome ... brain
  • GSS (Gerstmann Sträussler Syndrome) ... brain

    H

  • Head injury ... brain
  • Hemangioblastoma ... brain
  • High altitude cerebral edema ... brain
  • Holoprosencephaly ... brain
  • Huntington's Disease ... brain
  • Hydranencephaly ... brain
  • Hydrocephalus ... brain

    I

  • Infantile Refsum Disease ... brain

    J

  • Japanese encephalitis ... brain
  • Joubert Syndrome ... brain

    K

  • Korsakoff's psychosis ... brain
  • Krabbé Disease ... brain
  • Kuru ... brain

    L

  • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome ... brain
  • Leukodystrophy ... brain, spinal cord

    M

  • Megalencephaly ... brain
  • MELAS ... brain
  • Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome ... brain
  • Meningioma ... brain
  • Meningitis ... brain
  • Meningococcal disease ... brain
  • Mental illness ... brain
  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy ... brain, spinal cord
  • Microcephaly ... brain
  • Moyamoya Disease ... brain
  • Multi-Infarct Dementia ... brain
  • Multiple Sclerosis ... brain, spinal cord
  • Murray Valley encephalitis ... brain
  • Myelitis ... spinal cord
  • Myoclonus ... brain

    N

  • Narcolepsy ... brain
  • Neural tube defect ... brain, spinal cord
  • Neuroblastoma ... brain
  • Neurocysticercosis ... brain, cns
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome ... brain
  • Neuronal Migration Disorders ... brain

    O

  • Ohtahara Syndrome ... brain
  • Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy ... brain
  • Opsoclonus Myoclonus ... brain

    P

  • Parkinson's Disease ... brain
  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease ... brain
  • Persistent Vegetative State ... brain
  • Pick's Disease ... brain
  • Pneumococcal meningitis ... brain
  • Porencephaly ... brain
  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy ... brain
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy ... brain
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri ... brain

    R

  • Rabies ... brain, cns
  • Rasmussen's Encephalitis ... brain
  • Refsum Disease ... brain
  • Rett's syndrome ... brain

    S

  • Schizencephaly ... brain
  • Schizophrenia ... brain
  • Septo-Optic Dysplasia ... brain
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome ... brain
  • Soto's Syndrome ... brain
  • Spastic disorders ... brain
  • Spina bifida ... spinal cord
  • Spinal Cord Disorders ... spinal cord
  • Spinal cord injury ... spinal cord
  • Spinal Cord Tumor ... spinal cord
  • St. Louis encephalitis ... brain
  • Stroke ... brain
  • Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord ... spinal cord
  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis ... brain
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage ... brain
  • Subdural hematoma ... brain
  • Sydenham chorea ... brain
  • Syringomyelia ... spinal cord

    T

  • Tapeworms ... brain
  • Tardive Dyskinesia ... brain
  • Tay Sachs ... brain
  • Tethered Spinal Cord Syndrome ... spinal cord
  • Todd's Paralysis ... brain
  • Tourette Syndrome ... brain
  • Transient Ischemic Attack ... brain
  • Transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME) ... brain
  • Transverse myelitis ... spinal cord
  • Traumatic Brain Injury ... brain
  • Tremor ... brain
  • Tuberous sclerosis ... brain

    V

  • Variant CJD ... brain
  • Vertigo ... brain
  • Viral meningitis ... brain, cns

    W

  • Wallenberg's Syndrome ... brain
  • Wernicke's encephalopathy ... brain
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome ... brain
  • Western equine encephalitis ... brain
  • Williams Syndrome ... brain
  • Wilson's Disease ... brain

    Z

  • Zellweger Syndrome ... brain

    Footnotes:
    1. excerpt from What You Need To Know About Brain Tumors: NCI

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