Basic Summary for Osteoporosis


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Main name of condition: Osteoporosis
Other names or spellings: bone thinning, low bone mass, thinning bones, thin bones, Bone loss (osteoporosis), bone mass loss


What is Osteoporosis?
  Brief description of Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  Parent types of Osteoporosis: Chronic Illness, Bone conditions, Under-diagnosed conditions
  Organs Affected by Osteoporosis: bone
  Types of Osteoporosis: Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis
How many people get Osteoporosis?
  Prevalance of Osteoporosis: 28 million Americans (10 million with osteoporosis; 18 million with low bone mass); eight million American women and 2 million men (NWHIC)
  Prevalance Rate of Osteoporosis: approx 1 in 9 or 10.29% or 28 million people in USA [about data]
  Undiagnosed prevalence of Osteoporosis: 18 million with low bone mass (many are undiagnosed)
  Undiagnosed prevalence rate of Osteoporosis: approx 1 in 15 or 6.62% or 18 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is a major health risk for 28 million Americans. In the United States today, 10 million individuals already have osteoporosis and 18 million more have low bone mass, placing them at increased risk for this disease.1 ... Overall, approximately eight million American women and 2 million men have osteoporosis.2
Who gets Osteoporosis?
  Patient Profile for Osteoporosis: Typically seniors. 50% of women over 50, 1/8th of men over 50.
  Profile for Osteoporosis: American women are four times more likely to develop osteoporosis than men. One out of every two women and one in eight men over 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in her or his lifetime.1
  Gender Profile for Osteoporosis: Women 80%, i.e. women 4 times more likely than men.
  Gender Profile for Osteoporosis: Eighty percent of them are women, and most are over 50 years of age. 3
How serious is Osteoporosis?
  Complications of Osteoporosis: see complications of Osteoporosis
What causes Osteoporosis?
  Causes of Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis may be attributed to three factors: (1) accelerated bone loss at menopause in women or as men and women age; (2) suboptimal bone growth during childhood and adolescence resulting in failure to reach peak bone mass; and (3) bone loss secondary to disease conditions, eating disorders, or certain medications and medical treatments.1
  Causes of Osteoporosis: see causes of Osteoporosis
  Risk factors for Osteoporosis: see risk factors for Osteoporosis
What are the symptoms of Osteoporosis?
  Symptoms of Osteoporosis: see symptoms of Osteoporosis
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Osteoporosis: see treatments for Osteoporosis
  Prevention of Osteoporosis: see prevention of Osteoporosis
  Research for Osteoporosis: see research for Osteoporosis
Society issues for Osteoporosis
  Costs of Osteoporosis: $17 billion in direct expenditure in the USA (National Osteoporosis Foundation, 2004)
  Costs of Osteoporosis: costs $14 billion annually.2

Cost statistics for Osteoporosis: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Osteoporosis:

  • $14 billion annually (NWHIC)
  • $47 million each day in direct expenditure in the USA (National Osteoporosis Foundation, 2004)
  • $14 billion annually in the US (NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases, National Resource Center)

  Hospitalization statistics for Osteoporosis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Osteoporosis:
  • 0.04% (5,057) of hospital consultant episodes were for osteoporosis with pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 73% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis with pathological fracture required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 18% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis with pathological fracture were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 82% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis with pathological fracture were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 68% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis with pathological fracture required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 22.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for osteoporosis with pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 13 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for osteoporosis with pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for osteoporosis with pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis with pathological fracture occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 71% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis with pathological fracture occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis with pathological fracture were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.14% (71,672) of hospital bed days were for osteoporosis with pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.045% (5,745) of hospital consultant episodes were for osteoporosis without pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 94% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis without pathological fracture required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 20% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis without pathological fracture were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 80% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis without pathological fracture were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 15% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis without pathological fracture required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 13.5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for osteoporosis without pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for osteoporosis without pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for osteoporosis without pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis without pathological fracture occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis without pathological fracture occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 65% of hospital consultant episodes for osteoporosis without pathological fracture were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.042% (22,116) of hospital bed days were for osteoporosis without pathological fracture in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Osteoporosis Progress and Promise: NIAMS
2. excerpt from Osteoporosis: NWHIC
3. excerpt from Hormone Replacement Therapy Is It For You - Age Page - Health Information: NIA

Last revision: June 5, 2003

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