Basic Summary for Obsessive-compulsive disorder


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Main name of condition: Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Other names or spellings: OCD, obsessive compulsive neurosis


What is Obsessive-compulsive disorder?
  Brief description of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Behavioral disorder with obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts.
  Parent types of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Anxiety Disorders, Neurosis, Mental illness, Adolescent conditions, Psychological disorders, Psychiatric disorders
  Organs Affected by Obsessive-compulsive disorder: mental
How many people get Obsessive-compulsive disorder?
  Prevalance of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: 3.3 million adult Americans (NIMH); 2.3% adults (NIMH); 1 in 50 people (NWHIC); 2.4% adults (USSG)
  Prevalance Rate of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: approx 1 in 82 or 1.21% or 3.3 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: 2.3% adults annualy (NIMH)
  Incidence Rate of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: approx 1 in 43 or 2.30% or 6.3 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: OCD afflicts about 3.3 million adult Americans.1
  Incidence of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: About 2.3% of the U.S. population ages 18 to 54 - approximately 3.3 million Americans - has OCD in a given year. 2
Who gets Obsessive-compulsive disorder?
  Patient Profile for Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Usually starts in childhood (about a third), adolescence, or early adulthood. About a third start in childhood.
  Profile for Obsessive-compulsive disorder: OCD strikes men and women in approximately equal numbers and afflicts roughly 1 in 50 people. It can appear in childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, but on the average, it first shows up in the teens or early adulthood. A third of adults with OCD experience their first symptoms as children.3
How serious is Obsessive-compulsive disorder?
  Prognosis of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: The course of the disease is variable -- symptoms may come and go, they may ease over time, or they can grow progressively worse.3 ... OCD generally responds well to treatment with medications or carefully targeted psychotherapy.1
What causes Obsessive-compulsive disorder?
  Class of Condition for Obsessive-compulsive disorder: behavior
  Causes of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: see causes of Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  Risk factors for Obsessive-compulsive disorder: see risk factors for Obsessive-compulsive disorder
What are the symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive disorder?
  Symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: see symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Can anyone else get Obsessive-compulsive disorder?
  Inheritance: see inheritance of Obsessive-compulsive disorder
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Obsessive-compulsive disorder: see treatments for Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Society issues for Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  Costs of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: $8.4 billion in 1990 in social and economic losses in the USA (NIMH)
  Costs of Obsessive-compulsive disorder: OCD cost the U.S. $8.4 billion in 1990 in social and economic losses, nearly 6% of the total mental health bill of $148 billion. 2
  Hospitalization statistics for Obsessive-compulsive disorder: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Obsessive-compulsive disorder:
  • 0.006% (716) of hospital consultant episodes were for obsessive-compulsive disorder in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 96% of hospital consultant episodes for obsessive-compulsive disorder required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 54% of hospital consultant episodes for obsessive-compulsive disorder were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 46% of hospital consultant episodes for obsessive-compulsive disorder were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61% of hospital consultant episodes for obsessive-compulsive disorder required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50.9 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for obsessive-compulsive disorder in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 21 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for obsessive-compulsive disorder in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 39 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for obsessive-compulsive disorder in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 83% of hospital consultant episodes for obsessive-compulsive disorder occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3% of hospital consultant episodes for obsessive-compulsive disorder occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3% of hospital consultant episodes for obsessive-compulsive disorder were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.05% (28,050) of hospital bed days were for obsessive-compulsive disorder in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Anxiety Disorders: NIMH
2. excerpt from Facts about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: NIMH
3. excerpt from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: NWHIC

Last revision: July 1, 2003

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