Associated Conditions of Obsessive-compulsive disorder


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About associated conditions: Associated conditions are those which appear statistically related, but do not have a clear cause or effect relationship. Whereas the complications are caused by Obsessive-compulsive disorder, and underlying causes may be causes of Obsessive-compulsive disorder, the following list shows associated conditions that simply appear with higher frequency in people who have Obsessive-compulsive disorder. In some cases, there may be overlap between this list and risk factors for Obsessive-compulsive disorder. People with Obsessive-compulsive disorder may be more likely to get a condition on the list of associated conditions, or the reverse may be true, or both. Whether they are causes of, caused by, or simply coincidentally related to Obsessive-compulsive disorder is not always clear. For general information, see Associated Condition Misdiagnosis.

Associated conditions list: The list of conditions mentioned by various sources as associated with Obsessive-compulsive disorder includes:


Associated conditions: Depression or other anxiety disorders may accompany OCD. And some people with OCD have eating disorders. In addition, they may avoid situations in which they might have to confront their obsessions. Or they may try unsuccessfully to use alcohol or drugs to calm themselves. If OCD grows severe enough, it can keep someone from holding a job or from carrying out normal responsibilities at home, but more often, it doesn’t develop to these extremes. 1

Depression or other anxiety disorders may accompany OCD, and some people with OCD also have eating disorders. In addition, people with OCD may avoid situations in which they might have to confront their obsessions, or they may try unsuccessfully to use alcohol or drugs to calm themselves. If OCD grows severe enough, it can keep someone from holding down a job or from carrying out normal responsibilities at home.2

OCD is sometimes accompanied by depression, eating disorders, substance abuse, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or other anxiety disorders. When a person also has other disorders, OCD is often more difficult to diagnose and treat. Symptoms of OCD can also coexist and may even be part of a spectrum of other brain disorders, such as Tourette's syndrome. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment of other disorders are important to successful treatment of OCD. 3

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: NWHIC
2. excerpt from Anxiety Disorders: NIMH
3. excerpt from Facts about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: NIMH

Last revision: July 1, 2003

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