Medical News Summary: About Blackfan Diamond anemia


About: About Blackfan Diamond anemia
Date: 23 December 2004
Source: About
Author: Mary Kugler
Medical News Summary (summary of medical news story as reported by About): Blackfan Diamond anemia is a condition where the bone marrow produces little to no red blood cells. It is present in about 600-700 people worldwide. There is no known cause but genetic faults in Chromosome 19 is a factor in roughly 25% of cases and genetics is a factor in about 10-20% of cases. One-third of affected children have physical defects such as hand deformities or heart defects but the symptoms are quite undefined and can range from mild to life-threatening. Some general symptoms include anemia, pale appearance, irregular heartbeat, fatigue, irritability and fainting. Diagnosis usually occurs in the first two years or even at birth if the baby starts to immediately suffer from shortness of breath and looks very pale. Steroid treatment such as prednisone is usually the first step of the treatment which helps about 70% of patients start to produce more red blood cells. This then means lifelong steroid use and the risk of associated side effects such as diabetes, glaucoma, bone weakening and high blood pressure. The medications effectiveness may stop at any time without warning. The second treatment if steroids fail is regular blood transfusions which has the side effect of excess build up of iron which then needs to be treated with other medication. Bone marrow is the only chance of a cure but it is difficult and sometimes doesn’t work. Bone marrow transplant is usually only undertaken by those where all other treatment methods fail.
Related Disease Topics: Blackfan Diamond anemia, Anemia, Diabetes, Glaucoma, Bone weakening, High blood pressure
Related Symptom Topics: Physical abnormality, hand deformity, heart defect, pale appearance, irregular heartbeat, fatigue, irritability, fainting, shortness of breath

Related Medical News Channels: This medical news summary article refers to the following medical channel categories:
  • Blood transfusion
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Surgery
  • Surgery and bone marrow transplant
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnosis and Blackfan Diamond anemia
  • Diagnosis and anemia
  • Diagnosis and physical abnormality
  • Diagnosis and hand deformity
  • Diagnosis and heart defect
  • Diagnosis and pale appearance
  • Diagnosis and irregular heartbeat
  • Diagnosis and fatigue
  • Diagnosis and irritability
  • Diagnosis and fainting
  • Diagnosis and shortness of breath
  • Side effect
  • Side effect and diabetes
  • Side effect and glaucoma
  • Side effect and bone weakening
  • Side effect and high blood pressure
  • Surgery and Blackfan Diamond anemia
  • Surgery and anemia
  • Medication
  • Medication and Blackfan Diamond anemia
  • medication and anemia
  • medication and diabetes
  • medication and glaucoma
  • Medication and bone weakening
  • medication and high blood pressure

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