Types of Nosocomial infections


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Types list: The list of types of Nosocomial infections mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Nosocomial infections by site:
    • Urinary tract infections
    • Surgical site infections
    • Respiratory tract infections
    • Blood stream infections
    • Skin infections
    • Gastrointestinal tract infections
    • Central nervous system infections
  • Nosocomial fungal infections - fungi cause about 9% of nosocomial infections.
  • Nosocomial pneumonia
  • Nosocomial infections by pathogen:
  • Antibiotic-resistant nosocomial infections
    • Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
    • Vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)

Types discussion: Fungal pathogens account for a growing proportion of nosocomial infections. Fungal diseases such as candidiasis and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia are common among AIDS patients, and isolated outbreaks of other fungal diseases in people with normal immune systems have occurred recently in the United States. Scientists and clinicians are concerned that the increasing use of antifungal drugs will lead to drug-resistant fungi. In fact, recent studies have documented resistance of Candida species to fluconazole, a drug used widely to treat patients with systemic fungal diseases. 1

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Antimicrobial Resistance, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

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