Basic Summary for Nosocomial infections


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Main name of condition: Nosocomial infections
Other names or spellings: Nosocomial


What is Nosocomial infections?
  Brief description of Nosocomial infections: Infections acquired during hospital stays.
  Parent types of Nosocomial infections: Opportunistic infections, Iatrogenic conditions
  Types of Nosocomial infections: Nosocomial infections by site:, Urinary tract infections, Surgical site infections, Respiratory tract infections, Blood stream infections, Skin infections, Gastrointestinal tract infections, Central nervous system infections, Nosocomial fungal infections, Candida, Candida albicans, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Trichosporon, Malassezia, Nosocomial pneumonia, Bacterial pneumonia, Legionnaires' disease, Pulmonary aspergillosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Viral pneumonias, Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Influenza, Nosocomial infections by pathogen:, Staphylococci, Pseudomonas, Escherichia coli, Antibiotic-resistant nosocomial infections, Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
How many people get Nosocomial infections?
  Incidence (annual) of Nosocomial infections: estimated 2 million cases annually or about 10% of American hospital patients (CDC/NNIS 1992)
  Incidence Rate of Nosocomial infections: approx 1 in 136 or 0.74% or 2 million people in USA [about data]
Who gets Nosocomial infections?
  Patient Profile for Nosocomial infections: Typically immunosuppressed hospital patients due to age, disease, medication, or surgery.
How serious is Nosocomial infections?
  Deaths for Nosocomial infections: 80,000 deaths annually (Starfield, JAMA 284(4), 2000)
What causes Nosocomial infections?
  Risk factors for Nosocomial infections: see risk factors for Nosocomial infections
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Nosocomial infections: see treatments for Nosocomial infections
  Prevention of Nosocomial infections: see prevention of Nosocomial infections
Society issues for Nosocomial infections
  Costs of Nosocomial infections: more than $4.5 billion in 1992 (CDC/NNIS 1992)

Cost statistics for Nosocomial infections: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Nosocomial infections:

  • $1.71 billion spent on infections resulting from medical care annually in America 2000-02 (Patient Safety in American Hospitals, Health Grades 2004)
  • $1,706.39 million in excess cost for selected infections resulting from medical care was attributable to patient safety incidents in the US 2000-2002 (Patient Safety in American Hospitals, Health Grades 2004)

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