Medical Dictionary: NIDDM
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NIDDM: Another name for Type 2 diabetes.
NIDDM (condition): Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.
NIDDM (condition): Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, typically affecting over-40's adults, whereas Type 1 diabetes is the insulin-requiring juvenile form. In many cases, when people say "diabetes", it refers to Type 2 diabetes. Although insulin may be needed in later stages, it is usually treated by diet-only or by diabetes medications in the early years after diagnosis.
Because Type 2 diabetes starts out with only mild symptoms, it is one of the most common under-diagnosed diseases, with millions of Americans unaware that they have it (or the earlier phase called IGT). This is unfortunate, because diabetes causes significant damage to the body and leads to various complications, even in the period prior to diagnosis.
Diagnosis must separate diabetes from other causes of mild symptoms,
but this is easily done using the tests for diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes must be distinguished from other types of diabetes
including Type 1 diabetes, MODY, and IGT.
In some cases, an underlying condition such as metabolic syndrome,
hemochromatosis or cystic fibrosis may be the actual base illness.
The most common form of diabetes is type 2
diabetes. About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2, and
one-third of them have not been diagnosed. This form of diabetes usually
develops in adults age 40 and older and is most common in adults over age
55. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Type 2
diabetes is often part of a metabolic syndrome that includes obesity,
elevated blood pressure, and high levels of blood lipids. Unfortunately,
as more children become overweight, type 2 diabetes is becoming more
common in young people.
More information on medical condition: Type 2 diabetes:
- Introduction: Type 2 diabetes
- Basic Summary for Type 2 diabetes
- Causes of Type 2 diabetes
- Risk Factors for Type 2 diabetes
- Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes
- Complications of Type 2 diabetes
- Diagnostic Tests for Type 2 diabetes
- Misdiagnosis of Type 2 diabetes
- Treatments for Type 2 diabetes
- Prevention of Type 2 diabetes
More information on symptom: Diabetes-like symptoms:
1. excerpt from Diabetes Overview: NIDDK
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