Medical Dictionary: HHNS


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HHNS: Another name for Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome.
HHNS (condition): Life-threatening complication of high blood sugars and diabetes.
HHNS (condition): Whereas highs in Type 1 diabetics lead to ketones and blood acidity that causes DKA, Type 2 diabetics tend to get highs without ketones leading to HHNS. HHNS is a form of high blood sugars that occurs with Type 2 diabetes, whereas ketosis is more common with Type 1 diabetes. It is quite different from the "ketosis" or "ketoacidosis" that occurs from ketones in highs, but almost as dangerous. HHNS occurs more commonly in Type 2 diabetics who retain enough pancreas function to avoid ketones, but who can still go dangerously high. Being high for prolonged periods causes severe dehydration from frequent urination.

HHNS can occur in any form of diabetes whether it is diet-only, diabetes pills, or insulin treated. HHNS is often discovered when a Type 2 diabetic is diagnosed. This occurs in cases where Type 2 diabetes gets quite advanced without being diagnosed.

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