Medical Dictionary: Diabetes Mellitus
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Diabetes Mellitus: Another name for Diabetes.
Diabetes Mellitus (condition): Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
Diabetes Mellitus (condition): Diabetes is a failure or reduction in the body's ability to handle sugar. It is a common disease with around 4% (or 8 million) Americans having diabetes. The single greatest problem with diabetes diagnosis is the failure to diagnose it, and the estimates of those who have the disease but are currently undiagnosed add another 4% or 8 million Americans. So only about half the people who currently have diabetes are diagnosed. Most people have Type 2 diabetes or "adult diabetes" rather than the insulin-requiring Type 1 diabetes which afflicts the young. This number does not even include those who currently have impaired glucose tolerance which is a milder precursor to Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Mellitus: Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism--the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body.
After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.
When we eat, the pancreas is supposed to automatically produce the
right amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into our cells. In
people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no
insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is
produced. Glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and
passes out of the body. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even
though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.
More information on medical condition: Diabetes:
- Introduction: Diabetes
- Basic Summary for Diabetes
- Types of Diabetes
- Causes of Diabetes
- Medication Causes of Diabetes
- Risk Factors for Diabetes
- Symptoms of Diabetes
- Complications of Diabetes
- Diagnostic Tests for Diabetes
- Misdiagnosis of Diabetes
- Treatments for Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus (symptom): Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus (symptom): The high blood sugars and other diabetes-like symptoms need not necessarily always mean diabetes, or may also occur due to an underlying condition causing diabetes For more information see misdiagnosis of diabetes and underlying conditions of diabetes. Diabetes is a very serious illness. Any diabetes-like symptoms need immediate professional medical advice for diagnosis and treatment.
More information on symptom: Diabetes-like symptoms:
1. excerpt from Diabetes Overview: NIDDK
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