Prevalence and Incidence of Melanoma


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About prevalence and incidence statistics: The term 'prevalence' of Melanoma usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Melanoma at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Melanoma refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Melanoma diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

Incidence (annual) of Melanoma: 53,600 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate: skin melanomas)
Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 5,074 or 0.02% or 53,600 people in USA [about data]
Lifetime risk for Melanoma: 1 in 35 women and 1 in 25 men will develop melanoma during their lifetime in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

Prevelance of Melanoma discussion: The number of people in the world who develop melanoma is increasing each year. In the United States, the number has more than doubled in the past 20 years. Experts believe that much of the worldwide increase in melanoma is related to an increase in the amount of time people spend in the sun.1

Prevelance statistics about Melanoma: The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Melanoma:

  • 1 in 35 women will develop melanoma during their lifetime in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 1 in 25 men will have a melanoma during their lifetime in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

Incidence statistics about Melanoma: The following statistics relate to the incidence of Melanoma:

  • 55,100 new cases for melanoma in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
  • 29,900 new male cases for melanoma in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
  • 25,200 new female cases for melanoma in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
  • 2,300 new cases of melanoma in men in Canada 2004 (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
  • 1,950 new cases of melanoma in women in Canada 2004 (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
  • 13 per 100,000 new cases of melanoma in men in Canada 2004 (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
  • 10 per 100,000 new cases of melanoma in women in Canada 2004 (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
  • 23,500 new cases in women in the US (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
  • 38 new female cases of melanoma per 100,000 population in Australia 2000 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 54 new male cases of melanoma per 100,000 population in Australia 2000 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Australia has the highest rate of melanoma in the world among males (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Australia has the second highest rate of melanoma in the world among females (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • New Zealand has the highest rate of melanoma in the world among females (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Incidence statistics by state in Australia for males:
    • 54.3 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in New South Wales 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 40.7 new male cases of melanoma occurred in Victoria 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 74.0 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Queensland 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 56.3 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Western Australia 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 44.7 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in South Australia 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 41.8 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Tasmania 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 49 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Australian Capital Territory 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 37.5 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Northern Territory 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Incidence statistics by state in Australia for females:
    • 34.8 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in New South Wales 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 33.8 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Victoria 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 51.5 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Queensland 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 37.9 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Western Australia 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 35.2 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in South Australia 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 40.6 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Tasmania 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 32 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Australian Capital Territory 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 27 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Northern Territory 2000 (AIHW & AACR 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Incidence statistics for various countries:
    • 8.5 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Canada 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 5.8 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in UK, England 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 8.8 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Italy, Venetian Region 1993-96 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 0.4 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Japan, Osaka Prefecture 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 8 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in The Netherlands 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 32.8 new male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in New Zealand 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 1.0 new black male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in the USA 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 13.4 new white male cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in the USA 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 7.5 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Canada 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 7.4 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in UK, England 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 9.4 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Italy, Venetian Region 1993-96 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 0.3 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in Japan, Osaka Prefecture 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 10.9 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in The Netherlands 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 30.6 new female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in New Zealand 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 0.5 new black female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in the USA 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
    • 11.6 new white female cases of melanoma occurred per 100,000 population in the USA 1993-97 (Parkin et al 2002, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 3,761 new cases of melanoma occurs in women in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Melanoma accounted for 9.6% of all new cases of female cancer in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Melanoma accounted for 38 new female cases per 100,000 population in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 4,770 new cases of melanoma occurred in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Melanoma accounted for 10.4% of all new cases of male cancer in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 53.7 new cases of melanoma per 100,000 population in occurred in men Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from What You Need To Know About Moles and Dysplastic Nevi: NCI

Last revision: June 2, 2003

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