Basic Summary for Melanoma


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Main name of condition: Melanoma
Other names or spellings: Malignant melanoma


What is Melanoma?
  Brief description of Melanoma: Serious cancer of the skin (including moles) and sometimes eyes.
  Parent types of Melanoma: Cancer, Skin Cancer, Eye conditions
  Organs Affected by Melanoma: skin, eye
  Types of Melanoma: Areas affected by melanoma:, Cutaneous melanoma, Ocular melanoma, Melanoma of the meninges, melanoma of digestive tract, melanoma of lymph nodes, Stage of melanoma:, Metastatic melanoma, Multiple melanoma
How many people get Melanoma?
  Incidence (annual) of Melanoma: 53,600 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate: skin melanomas)
  Incidence Rate of Melanoma: approx 1 in 5,074 or 0.02% or 53,600 people in USA [about data]
  Lifetime risk of Melanoma: 1 in 35 women and 1 in 25 men will develop melanoma during their lifetime in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
Who gets Melanoma?
  Profile for Melanoma: The chance of developing melanoma increases with age, but this disease affects people of all age groups. Melanoma is one of the most common cancers in young adults.1
  Race Profile for Melanoma: Melanoma is rare in black people and others with dark skin.1
How serious is Melanoma?
  Average life years lost for Melanoma: 18.6 years (SEER)2
  Deaths for Melanoma: 7,215 deaths reported in USA 1999 for skin melanoma (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Complications of Melanoma: see complications of Melanoma
What causes Melanoma?
  Class of Condition for Melanoma: cancer
  Causes of Melanoma: see causes of Melanoma
  Risk factors for Melanoma: see risk factors for Melanoma
What are the symptoms of Melanoma?
  Symptoms of Melanoma: see symptoms of Melanoma
Can anyone else get Melanoma?
  Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.
  More information: see contagiousness of Melanoma
How is it treated?
  Specialists for Melanoma: Dermatologist, Oncologist, Surgeon, Plastic surgeon
  Treatments for Melanoma: see treatments for Melanoma
  Prevention of Melanoma: see prevention of Melanoma
  Research for Melanoma: see research for Melanoma
Society issues for Melanoma
  Hospitalization statistics for Melanoma: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Melanoma:
  • 0.073% (9,325) of hospital consultant episodes were for malignant melanoma of skin in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 98% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant melanoma of skin required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 48% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant melanoma of skin were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 52% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant melanoma of skin were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant melanoma of skin required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5.7 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for malignant melanoma of skin in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for malignant melanoma of skin in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 59 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for malignant melanoma of skin in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 49% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant melanoma of skin occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 21% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant melanoma of skin occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant melanoma of skin were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.04% (20,796) of hospital bed days were for malignant melanoma of skin in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.013% (1,672) of hospital consultant episodes were for melanoma in situ in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 99% of hospital consultant episodes for melanoma in situ required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 40% of hospital consultant episodes for melanoma in situ were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 60% of hospital consultant episodes for melanoma in situ were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for melanoma in situ required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2.9 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for melanoma in situ in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for melanoma in situ in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 65 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for melanoma in situ in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33% of hospital consultant episodes for melanoma in situ occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 31% of hospital consultant episodes for melanoma in situ occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 80% of hospital consultant episodes for melanoma in situ were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.002% (920) of hospital bed days were for melanoma in situ in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from What You Need To Know About Melanoma: NCI
2. SEER Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2000, National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Last revision: June 2, 2003

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