Statistics about Japanese encephalitis


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About statistics: This page presents a variety of statistics about Japanese encephalitis. The term 'prevalence' of Japanese encephalitis usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Japanese encephalitis at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Japanese encephalitis refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Japanese encephalitis diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

Prevalence and incidence statistics for Japanese encephalitis: (see also prevalence and incidence page for Japanese encephalitis)
  Incidence (annual) of Japanese encephalitis: 1 case annually in USA (DVBID)
  Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 272,000,000 or 0.00% or 1 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Japanese encephalitis: Fewer than 1 case/year is reported in U.S. civilians and military personnel traveling to and living in Asia. Rare outbreaks in U.S. territories in Western Pacific have occurred. 1
  Worldwide prevalence of Japanese encephalitis:Japanese encephalitis is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia with 30-50,000 cases reported annually.1
  Incidence statistics about Japanese encephalitis: The following statistics relate to the incidence of Japanese encephalitis:
  • 0 new cases of Japanese encephalitis per 100,000 population was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 0 new cases of Japanese Encephalitis was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

Death and mortality statistics for Japanese encephalitis:
  Death statistics for Japanese encephalitis: The following are statistics from various sources about deaths and Japanese encephalitis:
  • Japanese Encephalitis death statistics by worldwide region:
    • About 8,000 deaths from Japanese Encephalitis in South East Asia 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 2,000 deaths from Japanese Encephalitis in Eastern Mediterranean 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 3,000 deaths from Japanese Encephalitis in Western Pacific 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)

  Mortality rate: Case-fatality rates range from 0.3% to 60%. 1
Society statistics for Japanese encephalitis
  Costs for Japanese encephalitis: less than $1 million annually (DVBID)
  Costs for Japanese encephalitis: Domestic: < $1 million/year - largely cost of immunizing travelers and military personnel 2 '

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Questions and Answers About Japanese Encephalitis: DVBID
2. excerpt from Japanese Encephalitis Fact Sheet: DVBID

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