Diagnostic Tests for Infertility
Diagnostic Test list for Infertility: The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Infertility includes:
- Semen analysis
- Post-coital cervix test
- Sperm migration tests
- Ovulation tests
- Cervical mucus tests
- Hormone blood tests
- Uterus examination tests
- Fallopian tube examination tests
- See also tests for male infertility
- See also tests for female infertility
Tests and diagnosis discussion for Infertility: A medical evaluation may determine whether a couple's infertility is due to these or other causes. If a medical and sexual history doesn't reveal an obvious problem, like improperly timed intercourse or absence of ovulation, specific tests may be needed.1
For the woman, the first step in testing is to determine if she is ovulating each month. This can be done by charting changes in morning body temperature, by using an FDA-approved home ovulation test kit (which is available over the counter), or by examining cervical mucus, which undergoes a series of hormone-induced changes throughout the menstrual cycle.
Checks of ovulation can also be done in the physician's office with simple blood tests for hormone levels or ultrasound tests of the ovaries. If the woman is ovulating, further testing will need to be done.
Common female tests include:
Hysterosalpingogram: An x-ray of the fallopian tubes and uterus after they are injected with dye, to show if the tubes are open and to show the shape of the uterus. Laparoscopy: An examination of the tubes and other female organs for disease, using a miniature light-transmitting tube called a laparoscope. The tube is inserted into the abdomen through a one-inch incision below the navel, usually while the woman is under general anesthesia.
Endometrial biopsy: An examination of a small shred of uterine lining
to see if the monthly changes in the lining are normal.
1. excerpt from Infertility: NWHIC
Last revision: Nov 26, 2003
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