Diagnostic Tests for Impotence
Diagnostic Test list for Impotence: The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Impotence includes:
- Physical exam
- Blood counts
- Lipid profile
- Creatinine test
- Liver enzymes test
- Testosterone level
- Monitoring nocturnal penile tumescence
- Psychosocial examination
Tests and diagnosis discussion for Impotence:
Patient HistoryMedical and sexual histories help define the degree and nature of impotence. A medical history can disclose diseases that lead to impotence. A simple recounting of sexual activity might distinguish between problems with erection, ejaculation, orgasm, or sexual desire.
A history of using certain prescription drugs or illegal drugs can suggest a chemical cause. Drug effects account for 25 percent of cases of impotence. Cutting back on or substituting certain medications often can alleviate the problem.
Physical ExaminationA physical examination can give clues for systemic problems. For example, if the penis does not respond as expected to certain touching, a problem in the nervous system may be a cause. Abnormal secondary sex characteristics, such as hair pattern, can point to hormonal problems, which would mean the endocrine system is involved. A circulatory problem might be indicated by, for example, an aneurysm in the abdomen. And unusual characteristics of the penis itself could suggest the root of the impotence--for example, bending of the penis during erection could be the result of Peyronie's disease.
Laboratory TestsSeveral laboratory tests can help diagnose impotence. Tests for systemic diseases include blood counts, urinalysis, lipid profile, and measurements of creatinine and liver enzymes. For cases of low sexual desire, measurement of testosterone in the blood can yield information about problems with the endocrine system.
Other TestsMonitoring erections that occur during sleep (nocturnal penile tumescence) can help rule out certain psychological causes of impotence. Healthy men have involuntary erections during sleep. If nocturnal erections do not occur, then the cause of impotence is likely to be physical rather than psychological. Tests of nocturnal erections are not completely reliable, however. Scientists have not standardized such tests and have not determined when they should be applied for best results.
Psychosocial ExaminationA psychosocial examination, using an interview and questionnaire, reveals psychological factors. The man's sexual partner also may be interviewed to determine expectations and perceptions encountered during sexual intercourse. 1
1. excerpt from Impotence: NIDDK
Last revision: Nov 12, 2003
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