Treatments for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Treatment list for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.
- Lifestyle changes
- Surgical removal of part of the septum
- Surgical mitral valve replacement
Treatments of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy discussion:
Treatments for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy vary but can include the
- Lifestyle changes. Patients with serious electrical and blood-flow
abnormalities must be less physically active.
- Medications. Various drugs are used to treat the disease. They include beta
blockers (to ease symptoms by slowing the heart's pumping action), calcium
channel blockers (to relax the heart and reduce the blood pressure in it),
antiarrhythmic medications, and diuretics
(to ease heart failure symptoms).
However, drugs do not work in all cases or may cause adverse side effects, such as fluid in the lungs, very low blood pressure, and sudden death. Then, other treatment, such as a pacemaker or surgery, may be needed.
- Pacemakers. These change the pattern and decrease the force of the heart's
contractions. The pacemaker can reduce the degree of obstruction and so
relieve symptoms. A pacemaker needs to be carefully monitored after its
insertion in order to properly adjust the electrical impulse. Some patients
who have a pacemaker inserted feel no relief and go on to have heart surgery.
- Surgery. This usually calls for removal of part of the thickened septum
(the muscle wall separating the chambers) that is blocking the blood flow.
Sometimes, surgery also must replace a heart valve--the mitral valve, which
connects the left ventricle and the left atrium, the upper chamber that
receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs.
Surgery to remove the thickening eases symptoms in about 70 percent of patients but results in death in about 1 to 3 percent of patients. Also, about 5 percent of those who have surgery develop a slow heartbeat, which is then corrected with a pacemaker.
1. excerpt from NHLBI, Cardiomyopathy: NHLBI
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