Basic Summary for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy


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Main name of condition: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Other names or spellings: idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS), asymmetrical septal hypertrophy, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)


What is Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
  Brief description of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart damage from thickened heart walls.
  Brief description of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart muscle disease that leads to thickening of the heart walls, interfering with the heart's ability to fill with and pump blood. 1
  Parent types of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart conditions, Cardiomyopathy
  Organs Affected by Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: heart
  Types of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: ASH, HOCM
How many people get Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
  Prevalance of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: 0.2 percent of the U.S. population
  Prevalance Rate of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: approx 1 in 500 or 0.20% or 544,000 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a rare disease, occurring in no more than 0.2 percent of the U.S. population.1
Who gets Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
  Patient Profile for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Any age from childhood to adults
  Profile for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: It can affect men and women of all ages. Symptoms can appear in childhood or adulthood. 1
  Gender Profile for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Men and women.
How serious is Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
  Prognosis of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Variable. 10-year risk of sudden death is about 20%.
  1-year survival rate for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: About 2 to 3 percent die each year because the heart suddenly stops beating.1
  10-year survival rate for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Over 10 years, the risk of sudden death can be 20 percent or more.1
  Complications of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see complications of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
What causes Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
  Cause of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Many cases are inherited.
  Causes of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see causes of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  Risk factors for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see risk factors for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
What are the symptoms of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
  Symptoms of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see symptoms of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see treatments for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from NHLBI, Cardiomyopathy: NHLBI

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