Statistics about Hypertension


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About statistics: This page presents a variety of statistics about Hypertension. The term 'prevalence' of Hypertension usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Hypertension at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Hypertension refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Hypertension diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

Medical statistics for Hypertension:
   Complication statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about the complications of Hypertension:
  • 16% of new cases of end-stage renal disease were due to hypertension in Australia 2002 (McDonald & Russ, 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 91,636 under treatment for ESRD resulting from hypertension in the USA 2001 (United States Renal Data System 2003 Annual Data Report, 2003)

   Risk factor statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about the risk factors for Hypertension:
  • Physical inactivity increases the risk of hypertension by 30% (World Heart Federation Fact-Sheet, 2002)

  Associated medical condition statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about associated diseases and Hypertension:
  • 73% of diabetics have high blood pressure in the US (National Diabetes Statistics fact sheet, NIDDK, 2003)

Prevalence and incidence statistics for Hypertension: (see also prevalence and incidence page for Hypertension)
  Prevalance of Hypertension: 50 million Americans (NHLBI); 217 per 1000 (NHIS95)
  Prevalance Rate: approx 1 in 5 or 18.38% or 50 million people in USA [about data]
  Undiagnosed prevalence of Hypertension: more than 15 million (more than 30% of 50 million are undiagnosed)
  Undiagnosed prevalence rate: approx 1 in 18 or 5.51% or 15 million people in USA [about data]
  Worldwide prevalence of Hypertension:estimated 600 million people affected worldwide (Cardiovascular Diseases – Prevention and Control, WHO, 2001-2002)
  Prevelance statistics about Hypertension: The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Hypertension:
  • 50 million cases in the USA (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • 35% of cases are unaware of their condition USA (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • Estimated 50,000,000 in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 50,000,000 cases in the USA (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-94)
  • 32% of noninstitutionalised adults over 20 had hypertension in the US 2000 (Health, United States, 2002, NCHS, CDC)
  • 41,900 home health care patients had hypertension as a primary diagnosis in the US 2000 (National Home and Hospice Care Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 3.1% of home health care patients had hypertension as a primary diagnosis in the US 2000 (National Home and Hospice Care Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 481,800 nursing home residents had hypertension in the US 1999 (National Nursing Home Survey: 1999 Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 26.4% of nursing home residents had hypertension in the US 1999 (National Nursing Home Survey: 1999 Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • Prevalence statistics by age group for men in the US:
    • 11.8% of men aged 20-34 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 19.2% of men aged 35-44 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 36.9% of men aged 45-54 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 50.7% of men aged 55-64 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 68.3% of men aged 65-74 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 70.7% of men aged over 75 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
  • Prevalence statistics by age group for women in the US:
    • 3.1% of women aged 20-34 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 18.6% of women aged 35-44 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 33.4% of women aged 45-54 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 57.9% of women aged 55-64 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 73.4% of women aged 65-74 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
    • 84.9 % of women aged over 75 have hypertension in the US 1999-2000 (Health United States, 2003, NCHS)
  • 20 million cases in Africa (WHO/AFRO Web Site)
  • 9% of men reported high blood pressure in Canada 1996/97 (Statistics Canada, National Population Health Survey, Health Canada, 1996/97)
  • 12% of women reported high blood pressure in Canada 1996/97 (Statistics Canada, National Population Health Survey, Health Canada, 1996/97)
  • 80% of diagnosed men are being treated in Canada 1996/97 (Statistics Canada, National Population Health Survey, Health Canada, 1996/97)
  • 88% of diagnosed women are being treated in Canada 1996/97 (Statistics Canada, National Population Health Survey, Health Canada, 1996/97)
  • 27.2% of female population have high blood pressure in Australia 1999-2001 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 32.3% of male population have high blood pressure in Australia 1999-2001 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 1,909,000 people self-reported having hypertensive disease in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 1,040,000 women self-reported having hypertensive disease in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 869,000 men self-reported having hypertensive disease in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 10.3% of population self-reported having hypertensive disease in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 10.7% of female population self-reported having hypertensive disease in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 9.7% of male population self-reported having hypertensive disease in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

  Undiagnosed prevalence statistics about Hypertension: The following statistics relate to undiagnosed cases of Hypertension:
  • 80-85% affected are not treated in England (Coronary Heart Disease Statistics, British Heart Foundation, 2003)

Death and mortality statistics for Hypertension:
  Deaths from Hypertension: 16,968 annual deaths from primary hypertension and hypertensive renal disease in 1999 USA (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Death statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about deaths and Hypertension:
  • Causes 5 million premature deaths each year worldwide (WHO World Health Report, 2002)
  • Causes 13% of global fatalities (WHO World Health Report, 2002)
  • 19,250 people died from hypertension each year in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, CDC)
  • 8.7 people per 100,000 population died from hypertension each year in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, CDC)

  Prognosis statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about the prognosis of Hypertension:
  • 2/3 of those being treated in England remain hypertensive (Coronary Heart Disease Statistics, British Heart Foundation, 2003)

Society statistics for Hypertension
  Costs for Hypertension: $47.2 billion with $34.4b direct, $6.7b morbidity, $6.1bb mortality (NHLBI 2002)
  Cost statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Hypertension:
  • $831 million spent on prevention and treatment in Australia 1993-94 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)

  Hospitalization statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Hypertension:
  • 0.17% (22,006) of hospital episodes were for hypertensive disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 79% of hospital consultations for hypertensive disease required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 52% of hospital episodes for hypertensive disease were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 48% of hospital episodes for hypertensive disease were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital admissions for hypertensive disease required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7.7 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for hypertensive disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for hypertensive disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for hypertensive disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 35% of hospitalisations for hypertensive disease occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 29% of hospitalisations for hypertensive disease occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 16% of hospitalisations for hypertensive disease were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.2% (103,989) of hospital bed days were for hypertensive disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.072% (9,209) of hospital consultant episodes were for primary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 83% of hospital consultant episodes for primary hypertension required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44% of hospital consultant episodes for primary hypertension were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56% of hospital consultant episodes for primary hypertension were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for primary hypertension required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for primary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for primary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for primary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 40% of hospital consultant episodes for primary hypertension occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 28% of hospital consultant episodes for primary hypertension occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 15% of hospital consultant episodes for primary hypertension were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.081% (42,506) of hospital bed days were for primary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.001% (163) of hospital consultant episodes were for secondary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 86% of hospital consultant episodes for secondary hypertension required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56% of hospital consultant episodes for secondary hypertension were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44% of hospital consultant episodes for secondary hypertension were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for secondary hypertension required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5.1 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for secondary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for secondary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for secondary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 24% of hospital consultant episodes for secondary hypertension occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19% of hospital consultant episodes for secondary hypertension occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 13% of hospital consultant episodes for secondary hypertension were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.001% (605) of hospital bed days were for secondary hypertension in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.087% (11,153) of hospital consultant episodes were for hypertensive renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive renal disease required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive renal disease were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive renal disease were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive renal disease required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7.9 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for hypertensive renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for hypertensive renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for hypertensive renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive renal disease occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 28% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive renal disease occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive renal disease were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.096% (50,158) of hospital bed days were for hypertensive renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.003% (324) of hospital consultant episodes were for hypertensive heart and renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 62% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive heart and renal disease required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive heart and renal disease were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive heart and renal disease were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 72% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive heart and renal disease required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 14.2 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for hypertensive heart and renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for hypertensive heart and renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 72 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for hypertensive heart and renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 15% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive heart and renal disease occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 53% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive heart and renal disease occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 6% of hospital consultant episodes for hypertensive heart and renal disease were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.006% (2,920) of hospital bed days were for hypertensive heart and renal disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)

  Physician office visit statistics for Hypertension: The following are statistics from various sources about physician office visits and Hypertension:
  • 10.4 million visits to physician office was due to hypertension in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2001 Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 1.2 million visits to a hospital outpatient department was due to hypertension in the US 2002 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2001 Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 10,467,000 people visited a physician’s office for hypertension in the US 2001 (National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2001)
  • 1.2 million visits to a hospital outpatient department was due to hypertension in the US 2002 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2001 Survey, NCHS, CDC)
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Last revision: Nov 13, 2003

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