Treatments for Human Papillomavirus
Treatment list for Human Papillomavirus: The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Human Papillomavirus includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.
- Treatments for genital warts
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Treatments of Human Papillomavirus discussion: Visible genital warts can be removed, but no treatment is better than another, and no single treatment is ideal for all cases. 1
There is no "cure" for HPV, although the infection usually goes away on its own. Cancer-related types are more likely to persist. 1
Genital warts often
disappear even without treatment. In other cases, they eventually
may develop a fleshy, small raised growth that looks like
cauliflower. There is no way to predict whether the warts will grow
or disappear. Therefore, if you suspect you have genital warts, you
should be examined and treated, if necessary.
Depending on factors such as the size and location of the genital warts, a doctor will offer you one of several ways to treat them.
- Imiquimod, an immune response cream which you can apply to the affected area
- A 20 percent podophyllin anti-mitotic solution, which you can apply to the affected area and later wash off
- A 0.5 percent podofilox solution, applied to the affected area but shouldn’t be washed off
- A 5 percent 5-fluorouracil cream
- Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
If you have small warts, the doctor can remove them by freezing (cryosurgery), burning (electrocautery), or laser treatment. Occasionally, the doctor will have to use surgery to remove large warts that have not responded to other treatment.
Some doctors use the antiviral drug alpha interferon, which they inject directly into the warts, to treat warts that have returned after removal by traditional means. The drug is expensive, however, and does not reduce the rate that the genital warts return.
Although treatments can get rid of the warts, none gets rid of the virus. Because the virus is still present in your body, warts often come back after treatment. 2
1. excerpt from HPV: DSTD
2. excerpt from Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID
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