Treatments for Human Papillomavirus


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Treatment list for Human Papillomavirus: The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Human Papillomavirus includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Treatments for genital warts
    • Imiquimod cream
    • 20% podophyllin anti-mitotic solution
    • 0.5% podofilox solution
    • 5% 5-fluorouracil cream
    • Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
    • Freezing (cryosurgery)
    • Burning (electrocautery)
    • Laser treatment
    • Surgical removal
    • Alpha interferon - injected into the warts

Treatment of Human Papillomavirus: medical news summaries: The following medical news items are relevant to treatment of Human Papillomavirus:

Treatments of Human Papillomavirus discussion: Visible genital warts can be removed, but no treatment is better than another, and no single treatment is ideal for all cases. 1

There is no "cure" for HPV, although the infection usually goes away on its own. Cancer-related types are more likely to persist. 1

Genital warts often disappear even without treatment. In other cases, they eventually may develop a fleshy, small raised growth that looks like cauliflower. There is no way to predict whether the warts will grow or disappear. Therefore, if you suspect you have genital warts, you should be examined and treated, if necessary.

Depending on factors such as the size and location of the genital warts, a doctor will offer you one of several ways to treat them.

  • Imiquimod, an immune response cream which you can apply to the affected area
  • A 20 percent podophyllin anti-mitotic solution, which you can apply to the affected area and later wash off
  • A 0.5 percent podofilox solution, applied to the affected area but shouldn’t be washed off
  • A 5 percent 5-fluorouracil cream
  • Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
If you are pregnant, you should not use podophyllin or podofilox because they are absorbed by the skin and may cause birth defects in your baby. In addition, you should not use 5-fluorouracil cream if you are expecting.

If you have small warts, the doctor can remove them by freezing (cryosurgery), burning (electrocautery), or laser treatment. Occasionally, the doctor will have to use surgery to remove large warts that have not responded to other treatment.

Some doctors use the antiviral drug alpha interferon, which they inject directly into the warts, to treat warts that have returned after removal by traditional means. The drug is expensive, however, and does not reduce the rate that the genital warts return.

Although treatments can get rid of the warts, none gets rid of the virus. Because the virus is still present in your body, warts often come back after treatment. 2

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from HPV: DSTD
2. excerpt from Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

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