Prevention of Human Papillomavirus


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Prevention list: Methods of prevention of Human Papillomavirus mentioned in various sources includes those listed below. This prevention information is gathered from various sources, and may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Human Papillomavirus.

Prevention of Human Papillomavirus: Abstinence is the most effective strategy to prevent HPV infection.

Two uninfected individuals who have no other sex partners besides each other cannot get genital HPV infection. The following practices for sexually active people will help prevent infection:

  • Do not have sex with anyone who has genital sores or unusual growths in the genital area or the anus

  • Be aware that condoms can reduce, but do not eliminate, the risk for transmission to uninfected partners.

  • If you are a sexually active women, you should have a regular Pap smear to screen for cervical cancer or other precancerous conditions.

1

The only way you can prevent getting an HPV infection is to avoid direct contact with the virus, which is transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. If you or your sexual partner have warts that are visible in the genital area, you should avoid any sexual contact until the warts are treated. Studies have not confirmed that male latex condoms prevent transmission of HPV itself, but results do suggest that condom use may reduce the risk of developing diseases linked to HPV, such as genital warts and cervical cancer.2

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from HPV: DSTD
2. excerpt from Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

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