Complications of Human Papillomavirus


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About complications: Complications of Human Papillomavirus are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other disorders that are caused by Human Papillomavirus. In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Human Papillomavirus and complications of Human Papillomavirus is unclear or arbitrary.

Complications list for Human Papillomavirus: The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Human Papillomavirus includes:

Complications of Human Papillomavirus: All types of HPV can cause mild Pap smear abnormalities that do not have serious consequences. Approximately 10 of the 30 identified genital HPV types can lead, in rare cases, to development of cervical cancer. Research has shown that for most (90%) women, cervical HPV infection becomes undetectable within two years; only a small proportion have persistent infection. Persistent infection with certain types of HPV is the key risk factor for cervical cancer.

A Pap smear can detect pre-cancerous and cancerous cells on the cervix. Frequent Pap smears and careful medical followup, with treatment if necessary, can help ensure that pre-cancerous cells in the cervix caused by HPV infection do not develop into life-threatening cervical cancer. The Pap test used in U.S. cervical cancer screening programs is responsible for greatly reducing deaths from cervical cancer. The American Cancer Society estimated that about 12,800 women in the United States were diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer in 2000. In 2001, approximately 4,600 women will die from cervical cancer.1

Some types of HPV can cause cervical cancer. Others, however, cause cervical cancer and also are associated with vulvar cancer, anal cancer, and cancer of the penis (a rare cancer). 2

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from HPV: DSTD
2. excerpt from Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

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