Basic Summary for Holoprosencephaly


Main name of condition: Holoprosencephaly
Other names or spellings: arhinencephaly

What is Holoprosencephaly?
  Brief description of Holoprosencephaly: Birth defect of the brain
  Parent types of Holoprosencephaly: Congenital conditions, Brain conditions
  Organs Affected by Holoprosencephaly: brain, face
  Types of Holoprosencephaly: Alobar Holoprosencephaly, Semilobar Holoprosencephaly, Lobar Holoprosencephaly
How many people get Holoprosencephaly?
  Incidence (annual) of Holoprosencephaly: 2.38 per 10,000 births in the UK 2002 for arhinencephaly/holprosencephaly (University of Ulster, 2003)
  Incidence Rate of Holoprosencephaly: approx 1 in 4,201 or 0.02% or 64,736 people in USA [about data]
How serious is Holoprosencephaly?
  Prognosis of Holoprosencephaly: The prognosis for individuals with the disorder is poor. Most of those who survive show no significant developmental gains. 1
What causes Holoprosencephaly?
  Class of Condition for Holoprosencephaly: congen.defect
What are the symptoms of Holoprosencephaly?
  Symptoms of Holoprosencephaly: see symptoms of Holoprosencephaly
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Holoprosencephaly: see treatments for Holoprosencephaly

1. excerpt from NINDS Holoprosencephaly Information Page: NINDS

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