Basic Summary for Histoplasmosis


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Main name of condition: Histoplasmosis
Other names or spellings: Histoplasma capsulatum, H. capsulatum


What is Histoplasmosis?
  Brief description of Histoplasmosis: Lung infection from fungus Histoplasma capsulatum
  Parent types of Histoplasmosis: Fungal infections, Zoonotic Diseases
  Organs Affected by Histoplasmosis: lungs
How many people get Histoplasmosis?
  Prevalance of Histoplasmosis: Approx. 80% of population living in areas with endemic disease is skin-test positive. Of HIV-infected persons in these areas, 10% - 25% develop disseminated histoplasmosis.1
Who gets Histoplasmosis?
  Geography Profile for Histoplasmosis: H. capsulatum is found throughout the world and is endemic in certain areas of the United States. The fungus has been found in poultry house litter, caves, areas harboring bats, and in bird roosts. 2
How serious is Histoplasmosis?
  Prognosis of Histoplasmosis: Normally self-limiting within a few days
  Complications of Histoplasmosis: see complications of Histoplasmosis
What causes Histoplasmosis?
  Causes of Histoplasmosis: H. capsulatum grows in soil and material contaminated with bat or bird droppings. Spores become airborne when contaminated soil is disturbed. Breathing the spores causes infection. The disease is not transmitted from an infected person to someone else.2
  Class of Condition for Histoplasmosis: parasite fungal
  Causes of Histoplasmosis: see causes of Histoplasmosis
  Risk factors for Histoplasmosis: see risk factors for Histoplasmosis
What are the symptoms of Histoplasmosis?
  Incubation period for Histoplasmosis: If symptoms occur, they will start within 3 to 17 days after exposure; the average is 10 days. 2
  Symptoms of Histoplasmosis: see symptoms of Histoplasmosis
Can anyone else get Histoplasmosis?
  More information: see contagiousness of Histoplasmosis
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Histoplasmosis: see treatments for Histoplasmosis
  Prevention of Histoplasmosis: see prevention of Histoplasmosis
Society issues for Histoplasmosis
  Hospitalization statistics for Histoplasmosis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Histoplasmosis:
  • 0.0001% (12) of hospital consultant episodes were for histoplasmosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 83% of hospital consultant episodes for histoplasmosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for histoplasmosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33% of hospital consultant episodes for histoplasmosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 60% of hospital consultant episodes for histoplasmosis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 26.6 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for histoplasmosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for histoplasmosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 38 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for histoplasmosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for histoplasmosis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 8% of hospital consultant episodes for histoplasmosis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for histoplasmosis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.0006% (294) of hospital bed days were for histoplasmosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Histoplasmosis: DBMD
2. excerpt from Histoplasmosis General: DBMD

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