Basic Summary for Hemophilus influenzae B


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Main name of condition: Hemophilus influenzae B
Other names or spellings: HIB, Haemophilus influenzae B, Haemophilus Influenzae Type B, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus influenzae Serotype b (Hib) Disease, Hemophilus influenzae, Hemophilus influenzae Serotype b (Hib) Disease, H. influenzae type b


What is Hemophilus influenzae B?
  Brief description of Hemophilus influenzae B: Bacterial respiratory infection with dangerous complications.
  Parent types of Hemophilus influenzae B: Bacterial diseases, Vaccine-preventable diseases
How many people get Hemophilus influenzae B?
  Incidence (annual) of Hemophilus influenzae B: 261 annual cases of invasive HIB in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  Incidence Rate of Hemophilus influenzae B: approx 1 in 1,042,145 or 0.00% or 260 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Hemophilus influenzae B: Haemophilus influenzae -- 1.3 cases per 100,000; estimated 3,400 cases and 625 deaths annually in the United States1 ... During 1980-1990, incidence was 40-100/100,000 children < 5 yrs old in the United States. In 1995, since use of Hib conjugate vaccine, incidence is < 2 cases /100,000 children . Hib remains a major cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children in developing countries where vaccine is not widely used.2
How serious is Hemophilus influenzae B?
  Deaths for Hemophilus influenzae B: 625 deaths annually in USA (DBMD)
  Complications of Hemophilus influenzae B: see complications of Hemophilus influenzae B
What causes Hemophilus influenzae B?
  Class of Condition for Hemophilus influenzae B: bacterial
  Risk factors for Hemophilus influenzae B: see risk factors for Hemophilus influenzae B
What are the symptoms of Hemophilus influenzae B?
  Symptoms of Hemophilus influenzae B: see symptoms of Hemophilus influenzae B
Can anyone else get Hemophilus influenzae B?
  More information: see contagiousness of Hemophilus influenzae B
How is it treated?
  Prevention of Hemophilus influenzae B: see prevention of Hemophilus influenzae B
Society issues for Hemophilus influenzae B
  Hospitalization statistics for Hemophilus influenzae B: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Hemophilus influenzae B:
  • 0.005% (648) of hospital consultant episodes were for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 62% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 89% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 16.4days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 59 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 20% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 35% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.011% (5,976) of hospital bed days were for pneumonia due to haemphilus influenzae in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Active Bacterial Core Surveillance: DBMD
2. excerpt from Haemophilus influenzae Serotype b (Hib) Disease: DBMD

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