Complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome


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About complications: Complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other disorders that are caused by Hemolytic uremic syndrome. In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Hemolytic uremic syndrome and complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome is unclear or arbitrary.

Complications list for Hemolytic uremic syndrome: The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Hemolytic uremic syndrome includes:

Complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: For most children with HUS, the vomiting and diarrhea stop after 2 or 3 days. Even when the gastroenteritis has stopped, the child does not recover full health, remaining pale, tired, and irritable. The bacteria originally lodged in the digestive system make toxins that enter the bloodstream, and these toxins destroy red blood cells. Small, unexplained bruises or small clot-sized hemorrhages visible in the mucosal lining of the mouth may occur because the toxins also destroy the platelets, cells that normally contribute to the clotting system.

The damaged red blood cells and other factors may clog the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys or cause lesions in the kidneys, making the kidneys work harder to remove wastes and extra fluid from the blood. The child may produce little urine as a result. The body's inability to rid itself of excess fluid and waste may in turn cause hypertension or swelling of the hands and feet or may cause generalized fluid accumulation (edema). 1

About one-third of persons with hemolytic uremic syndrome have abnormal kidney function many years later, and a few require long-term dialysis. Another 8% of persons with hemolytic uremic syndrome have other lifelong complications, such as high blood pressure, seizures, blindness, paralysis, and the effects of having part of their bowel removed. 2

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: NIDDK
2. excerpt from Escherichia coli O157:H7 General: DBMD

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