Prognosis of Heart attack


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About prognosis: The 'prognosis' of Heart attack usually refers to the likely outcome of Heart attack. The prognosis of Heart attack may include the duration of Heart attack, chances of complications of Heart attack, probable outcomes, prospects for recovery, recovery period for Heart attack, survival rates, death rates, and other outcome possibilities in the overall prognosis of Heart attack. Naturally, such forecast issues are by their nature unpredictable.

1-year survival rate for Heart attack: 24 of 25 will survive if they survive the attack (1 in 25 dies within a year)
Survival rate statistics for Heart attack: The following are statistics from various sources about the survival rate for Heart attack:
  • 12.5 million of the estimated 32 million worldwide heart attacks are fatal (Integrated Management of Cardiovascular Risk , WHO, 2002)
  • 40-75% of all victims die before reaching hospital (Integrated Management of Cardiovascular Risk,WHO, 2002)
  • 42% of women die within a year of a heart attack in the US (The National Women’s Health Information Center, CDC)
  • 24% of men die within a year of a heart attack in the US (The National Women’s Health Information Center, CDC)

Deaths from Heart attack: 459,841 deaths in 1998 (NHLBI); 199,154 deaths for AMI reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)
Complications: see complications of Heart attack

Prognosis of Heart attack discussion: There is something that can be done about a heart attack. Doctors have clot-busting drugs and other artery-opening procedures that can stop or reverse a heart attack, if given quickly. These drugs can limit the damage to the heart muscle by removing the blockage and restoring blood flow. Less heart damage means a better quality of life after a heart attack.1

Recurrence of Heart attack discussion: The odds of women having a second heart attack are relatively high. In fact, more women than men will suffer a second heart attack within four years after having their first attack. That is why it is important to continue with medical follow-up treatment, participate in cardiac rehabilitation if possible, and make needed lifestyle changes (such as quitting smoking and starting an exercise program) to reduce the risk of another heart attack. If you had an unhealthy lifestyle before your heart attack, it is time to change your ways! Talk to your health care provider about diet, weight control, exercise, managing stress, and controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. 2

More women than men will suffer a second heart attack within four years after their first heart attack. 3

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Frequently Asked Questions About Heart Attack: NHLBI
2. excerpt from Heart Attack: NWHIC
3. excerpt from WOMEN WARNING! It Could Be a Heart Attack!: NWHIC

Last revision: April 9, 2003

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