Basic Summary for Heart attack


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Main name of condition: Heart attack
Other names or spellings: acute myocardial infarction, AMI, myocardial infarction, MI


What is Heart attack?
  Brief description of Heart attack: Serious and often fatal acute heart condition
  Parent types of Heart attack: Heart conditions, Heart disease
  Organs Affected by Heart attack: heart
How many people get Heart attack?
  Prevalance of Heart attack: 7.5 million people with AMI (NHLBI)
  Prevalance Rate of Heart attack: approx 1 in 36 or 2.76% or 7.5 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Heart attack: 1.25 million annually USA (NHLBI); 1.1 million with 650,000 new events and 450,000 recurrences.
  Incidence Rate of Heart attack: approx 1 in 217 or 0.46% or 1.2 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence of Heart attack: Each year, about 1.1 million Americans suffer a heart attack.1
Who gets Heart attack?
  Patient Profile for Heart attack: Typically men over 45 and women over 50. However can occur in younger adults.
How serious is Heart attack?
  1-year survival rate for Heart attack: 24 of 25 will survive if they survive the attack (1 in 25 dies within a year)
  Deaths for Heart attack: 459,841 deaths in 1998 (NHLBI); 199,154 deaths for AMI reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Complications of Heart attack: see complications of Heart attack
What causes Heart attack?
  Causes of Heart attack: see causes of Heart attack
  Risk factors for Heart attack: see risk factors for Heart attack
What are the symptoms of Heart attack?
  Symptoms of Heart attack: see symptoms of Heart attack
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Heart attack: see treatments for Heart attack
  Prevention of Heart attack: see prevention of Heart attack
Society issues for Heart attack
  Hospitalizations for Heart attack: 829,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Hospitalization statistics for Heart attack: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Heart attack:
  • 195 per 100,000 rate for Acute Myocardial Infarction hospitalizations in Canada 1995 Surveillance on-line, 1998 LCDC, Health Canada)
  • 1.033% (105,476) of hospital consultant episodes were for acute myocardial infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for acute myocardial infarction required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 62% of hospital consultant episodes for acute myocardial infarction were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 38% of hospital consultant episodes for acute myocardial infarction were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 93% of hospital consultant episodes for acute myocardial infarction required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9.5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for acute myocardial infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 6 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for acute myocardial infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for acute myocardial infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 23% of hospital consultant episodes for acute myocardial infarction occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital consultant episodes for acute myocardial infarction occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for acute myocardial infarction were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.25% (657,104) of hospital bed days were for acute myocardial infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.03% (3,795) of hospital consultant episodes were for cardiac arrest in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 70% of hospital consultant episodes for cardiac arrest required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for cardiac arrest were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital consultant episodes for cardiac arrest were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3% of hospital consultant episodes for cardiac arrest required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9.9 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for cardiac arrest in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for cardiac arrest in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 68 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for cardiac arrest in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19% of hospital consultant episodes for cardiac arrest occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 45% of hospital consultant episodes for cardiac arrest occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for cardiac arrest were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.046% (23,922) of hospital bed days were for cardiac arrest in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia for public hospitals:
    • 0.13% (34) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged 15 to 24 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.95% (248) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged 25 to 34 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 6.1% (1,597) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged 35 to 44 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 16.9% (4,419) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged 45 to 54 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 23% (6,116) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged 55 to 64 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 24% (6,303) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged 65 to 74 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 21% (5,576) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged 75 to 84 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 7.32% (1,918) of hospital episodes for acute myocardial infarction in public hospitals occurred in males aged over 85 in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)

  Physician office visits for Heart attack: 133,000 physician visits for AMI (NHLBI 1999); 4,661,000 ED visits in the USA for chest pain
  Medical procedure statistics for Heart attack: The following are statistics from various sources about medical procedures and Heart attack:
  • 2,200 people undergo bypass surgery or angioplasty in the US (W.H. Howard, M.D., M.S., F.A.C.C., F.A.C.P., How to protect your heart from your doctor)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Heart Attacks: NHLBI

Last revision: April 9, 2003

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