Types of Gestational hypertension


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Types discussion: An important distinction exists between the preeclampsia syndrome, recognized when elevated blood pressure occurs for the first time during pregnancy, and preexisting (chronic) hypertension. The two disorders, although both characterized by high blood pressure, are strikingly different pathophysiologically and have very different acute and long-range implications for mother and infant.1

Hypertension during pregnancy is categorized as: preeclampsia/eclampsia, gestational hypertension, the continued presence of chronic hypertension, and preeclampsia superimposed upon chronic hypertension. These categories identify disorders with different epidemiological characteristics, pathophysiology, and risk for mother and baby.

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Footnotes:
1. excerpt from REPORT of the WORKING GROUP on RESEARCH on HYPERTENSION DURING PREGNANCY: NHLBI

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