Complications of Food poisoning
|About complications: Complications of Food poisoning are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other disorders that are caused by Food poisoning. In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Food poisoning and complications of Food poisoning is unclear or arbitrary.|
Complications list for Food poisoning: The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Food poisoning includes:
- Complications depend on the type of food poisoning
- Spontaneous abortion - mainly from listeria or botulism
- Death - mainly from listeria or botulism
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome - from E. coli O157:H7
- Abortion (see Pregnancy symptoms)
- Localized infections
- Guillain-Barré syndrome
Complications of Food poisoning:
Some micro-organisms, such as Listeria
monocytogenes and Clostridium botulinum, cause far more serious
illness than vomiting or diarrhea. They can cause spontaneous abortion or
In some people, especially children, hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) can result from infection by a particular strain of bacteria, E. coli O157:H7, and can lead to kidney failure and death. HUS is a rare disorder that affects primarily young children between the ages of 1 and 10 years and is the leading cause of acute renal failure in previously healthy children. The child may become infected after consuming a contaminated food, such as meat (especially undercooked ground beef), unpasteurized apple cider or apple juice, or raw sprouts.
The most common symptoms of infection are vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, which may be bloody. In 5 to 10 percent of cases, HUS develops about 2 to 6 days after the onset of illness. This disease may last from 1 to 15 days and is fatal in 3 to 5 percent of cases. Symptoms of HUS include fever, lethargy, irritability, and pallor. In about half the cases, the disease progresses until the kidneys are unable to remove waste products from the blood and excrete them into the urine (acute renal failure). A decrease in circulating red blood cells and blood platelets and reduced blood flow to organs may lead to multiple organ failure. Seizures, heart failure, inflammation of the pancreas, and diabetes can also result. However, most children recover completely.
You need to see a doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms, with or without gastrointestinal symptoms:
- Signs of shock, such as weak or rapid pulse; shallow breathing;
cold, clammy, pale skin; shaking or chills; or chest pain.
- Signs of severe dehydration, such as dry mouth, sticky saliva,
decreased urine output, dizziness, fatigue, sunken eyes, low blood
pressure, or increased heart rate and breathing.
- Confusion or difficulty reasoning.
Septicemia, abortion, localized
infections, arthritis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, Guillain-Barré
syndrome, death. 2
1. excerpt from Bacteria and Foodborne Illness: NIDDK
2. excerpt from Foodborne Infections: DBMD
Last revision: May 27, 2003
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