Basic Summary for Drug abuse


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Main name of condition: Drug abuse
Other names or spellings: Drug addiction


What is Drug abuse?
  Brief description of Drug abuse: Addiction to any of various illicit drugs.
  Parent types of Drug abuse: Chemical addiction, Behavioral disorders, Adolescent conditions, Youth risk behavior, Psychological disorders, Psychiatric disorders
  Organs Affected by Drug abuse: mental, body
  Types of Drug abuse: Alcoholism, Marijuana, Nicotine addiction, Heroin addiction, Barbiturates, Benzodiazepine abuse, Cocaine, Opioids, Opium alkaloids, Amphetamines, Ectasy
How many people get Drug abuse?
  Prevalance of Drug abuse: more than 4 million women need treatment for drug abuse (NWHIC)
  Prevalance Rate of Drug abuse: approx 1 in 68 or 1.47% or 4 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Drug abuse: Research indicates that more than 4 million women need treatment for drug abuse.1
How serious is Drug abuse?
  Deaths for Drug abuse: 19,102 persons died of drug-induced causes in 1999 USA (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Complications of Drug abuse: see complications of Drug abuse
What causes Drug abuse?
  Class of Condition for Drug abuse: behavior addiction
  Causes of Drug abuse: see causes of Drug abuse
What are the symptoms of Drug abuse?
  Symptoms of Drug abuse: see symptoms of Drug abuse
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Drug abuse: see treatments for Drug abuse
Society issues for Drug abuse

Cost statistics for Drug abuse: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Drug abuse:

  • Estimated $52,123,000 spent in public hospitals on alcohol or drug use and disorders in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Estimated $17,172,000 spent in public hospitals on alcohol and drug use and disorders in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

  Hospitalization statistics for Drug abuse: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Drug abuse:
  • 0.03% (3,917) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 95% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 34% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 38% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12.1 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 31 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 99% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.08% (42,860) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.006% (788) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 90% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 79% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 21% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 80% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 25.7 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 27 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 95% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.03% (17,201) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cannabis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.002% (232) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 90% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 53% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 47% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 15.8 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 8 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.006% (3,224) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of sedatives/hypnotics in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.002% (276) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 91% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 74% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12.2 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 6 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 31 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 97% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.006% (3,290) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of cocaine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.004% (519) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 91% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 76% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 24% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine were women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 85% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19.5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 31 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 97% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.013% (6,626) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other stimulants including caffeine in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.001% (135) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 87% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 65% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 35% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 80% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 6 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 30 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 89% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.004% (1,829) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of hallucinogens in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.02% (2,601) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 92% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 75% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 25% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 75% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 23.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 30 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 98% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.09% (48,725) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple psychoactive drugs in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia in psychiatric hospitals:
    • 1,426 hospital episodes in public psychiatric hospitals were for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances other than alcohol in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 4.3% of hospitalisations in public psychiatric hospitals for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances other than alcohol were single day episodes in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 99% of hospitalisations in public psychiatric hospitals for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances other than alcohol were by public patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Hospitalisations for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances other than alcohol at public psychiatric hospitals occurred in 0.7 people per 10,000 population in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 71.1 days was the mean length of stay for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances other than alcohol in public psychiatric hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Excluding same day episodes, 9 days was the mean length of stay in public psychiatric hospitals for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances other than alcohol in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Drug Abuse and Treatment: NWHIC

Last revision: April 10, 2003

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