Types of Depressive disorders
Types list: The list of types of Depressive disorders mentioned in various sources includes:
- Major depressive episode
- Major depressive disorder
- Dysthymia - chronic and mild depression.
- Bipolar disorder
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
- Postnatal depression
Types discussion: Major depression is manifested by a combination of symptoms (see symptom list) that interfere with the ability to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy once pleasurable activities. Such a disabling episode of depression may occur only once but more commonly occurs several times in a lifetime.
A less severe type of depression, dysthymia, involves long-term, chronic symptoms that do not disable, but keep one from functioning well or from feeling good. Many people with dysthymia also experience major depressive episodes at some time in their lives.
Another type of depression is bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive illness. Not nearly as prevalent as other forms of depressive disorders, bipolar disorder is characterized by cycling mood changes: severe highs (mania) and lows (depression). Sometimes the mood switches are dramatic and rapid, but most often they are gradual. When in the depressed cycle, an individual can have any or all of the symptoms of a depressive disorder. When in the manic cycle, the individual may be overactive, overtalkative, and have a great deal of energy. Mania often affects thinking, judgment, and social behavior in ways that cause serious problems and embarrassment. For example, the individual in a manic phase may feel elated, full of grand schemes that might range from unwise business decisions to romantic sprees. Mania, left untreated, may worsen to a psychotic state. 1
Depressive disorders encompass major depressive disorder, dysthymic
disorder, and bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is included because
people with this illness have depressive episodes as well as manic
1. excerpt from Depression: NIMH
2. excerpt from The Numbers Count: NIMH
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