Basic Summary for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


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Main name of condition: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Other names or spellings: COPD, chronic obstructive lung disease


What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?
  Brief description of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  Parent types of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Lung conditions
  Organs Affected by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: lung, respiratory
  Types of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Chronic bronchitis, Pulmonary emphysema
How many people get Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?
  Prevalance of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 13.5 million Americans (NHLBI)
  Prevalance Rate of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: approx 1 in 20 or 4.96% or 13.5 million people in USA [about data]
  Undiagnosed prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 15 million undiagnosed or in early stages
  Undiagnosed prevalence rate of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: approx 1 in 18 or 5.51% or 15 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: More than 13.5 million Americans are thought to have COPD.1
Who gets Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?
  Patient Profile for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Typically middle aged adults.
  Gender Profile for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: More common in men, but women increasing, reflecting smoking patterns.
How serious is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?
  Prognosis of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Variable. Good prognosis depends on early diagnosis (i.e. on extent of lung damage).
  Deaths for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 124,181 annual deaths; 5.2% of deaths (CDC/1999).
  Cause of death rank for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 5th top cause of death in 1999 is "Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease" (CDC)
  Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: see complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
What causes Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?
  Causes of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: see causes of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  Risk factors for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: see risk factors for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
What are the symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?
  Symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: see symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: see treatments for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: see prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  Research for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: see research for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Society issues for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  Costs of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: $32.1 billion with $18.0b direct, $6.8b morbidity, $7.3b mortality (NHLBI 2002)
  Costs of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: In 1989, an estimated $7 billion was spent for care of persons with COPD and another $8 billion was lost to the economy by lost productivity due to morbidity and mortality from COPD. 1
  Hospitalizations for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 713,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Hospitalization statistics for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:
  • 1.8% (229,725) of hospital episodes were for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 72% of hospital consultations for chronic lower respiratory diseases required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 49% of hospital episodes for chronic lower respiratory diseases were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 51% of hospital episodes for chronic lower respiratory diseases were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 92% of hospital admissions for chronic lower respiratory diseases required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7.8 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 24% of hospitalisations for chronic lower respiratory diseases occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 32% of hospitalisations for chronic lower respiratory diseases occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2% of hospitalisations for chronic lower respiratory diseases were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2.37% (1,242,574) of hospital bed days were for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.1% (140,541) of hospital consultant episodes were for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 51% of hospital consultant episodes for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 49% of hospital consultant episodes for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 94% of hospital consultant episodes for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 72 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12% of hospital consultant episodes for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 45% of hospital consultant episodes for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.8% (944,835) of hospital bed days were for other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia for public hospitals:
    • 0.023% (5) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females under 1 year old in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.1% (22) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 1 to 4 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.5% (105) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 5 to 14 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.21% (44) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 15 to 24 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.24% (51) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 25 to 34 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 1.5% (318) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 35 to 44 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 6.13% (1,316) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 45 to 54 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 16.74% (3,590) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 55 to 64 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 31.21% (6,696) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 65 to 74 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 33.34% (7,152) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged 75 to 84 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 10.04% (2,153) of hospital episodes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in public hospitals occurred in females aged over 85 in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)

  Physician office visits for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 12,345,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Physician office visits for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: In 1990, COPD was the cause of approximately 16.2 million office visits to doctors and 1.9 million hospital days.1

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from What is COPD: NHLBI

Last revision: May 26, 2003

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