Basic Summary for Congestive Heart Failure


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Main name of condition: Congestive Heart Failure
Other names or spellings: congested heart failure, CHF


What is Congestive Heart Failure?
  Brief description of Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  Brief description of Congestive Heart Failure: A heart disease condition that involves loss of pumping ability by the heart, generally accompanied by fluid accumulation in body tissues, especially the lungs. 1
  Parent types of Congestive Heart Failure: Heart conditions, Heart failure
  Organs Affected by Congestive Heart Failure: heart
How many people get Congestive Heart Failure?
  Prevalance of Congestive Heart Failure: 4.8 million Americans (NHLBI); 2% age 40-59; 5% age 60-69; 10% over 70's
  Prevalance Rate of Congestive Heart Failure: approx 1 in 56 or 1.76% or 4.8 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Congestive Heart Failure: 400,000 new cases annually
  Incidence Rate of Congestive Heart Failure: approx 1 in 679 or 0.15% or 400,000 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Congestive Heart Failure: An estimated 4.8 million Americans have congestive heart failure (CHF).2
  Incidence of Congestive Heart Failure: Each year, there are an estimated 400,000 new cases.2
Who gets Congestive Heart Failure?
  Patient Profile for Congestive Heart Failure: Usually older adults; rarely young adults.
  Profile for Congestive Heart Failure: The majority of the nearly 5 million U.S. patients with heart failure are older than 65 years.3
  Gender Profile for Congestive Heart Failure: Men and women equally.
How serious is Congestive Heart Failure?
  Prognosis of Congestive Heart Failure: Poor. 5-year survival around 50%. About 20% survive longer than 8-12 years.
  Prognosis of Congestive Heart Failure: Results of a new study published in the March 7 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine suggest that heart failure survival after 6 years in adults 67 years and older on Medicare is very low and may be worse than the prognosis for most types of cancer. 3
  5-year survival rate for Congestive Heart Failure: Half of the patients diagnosed with CHF will be dead within 5 years.2
  Deaths for Congestive Heart Failure: 50,824 deaths (NHLBI 1999); about 260,000 deaths a year (CDC-OC)
  Complications of Congestive Heart Failure: see complications of Congestive Heart Failure
What causes Congestive Heart Failure?
  Causes of Congestive Heart Failure: see causes of Congestive Heart Failure
  Risk factors for Congestive Heart Failure: see risk factors for Congestive Heart Failure
What are the symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure?
  Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure: see symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Congestive Heart Failure: see treatments for Congestive Heart Failure
  Prevention of Congestive Heart Failure: see prevention of Congestive Heart Failure
  Research for Congestive Heart Failure: see research for Congestive Heart Failure
Society issues for Congestive Heart Failure
  Costs of Congestive Heart Failure: $23.2 billion with $21.4b direct, unavailable morbidity, $1.8b mortality (NHLBI 2002); $3.4 billion was paid by Medicare in 1995 (CDC-OC)
  Costs of Congestive Heart Failure: In 1995, $3.4 billion was paid by Medicare for heart failure.3
  Hospitalizations for Congestive Heart Failure: 962,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Hospitalizations for Congestive Heart Failure: CHF is the first-listed diagnosis in 875,000 hospitalizations, and the most common diagnosis in hospital patients age 65 years and older. In that age group, one fifth of all hospitalizations have a primary or secondary diagnosis of heart failure. 2
  Physician office visits for Congestive Heart Failure: 2,618,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Physician office visits for Congestive Heart Failure: Visits to physicians' offices for CHF increased from 1.7 million in 1980 to 2.9 million in 1993.2
  Home Care for Congestive Heart Failure: More than 65,000 persons with CHF receive home care each year.2

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from NHLBI, Heart Failure: NHLBI
2. excerpt from NHLBI, Congestive Heart Failure Data Fact Sheet: NHLBI
3. excerpt from Facts About Heart Failure in Older Adults: CDC-OC

Last revision: October 23, 2003

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