Basic Summary for Congenital conditions


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Main name of condition: Congenital conditions
Other names or spellings: Birth defects


What is Congenital conditions?
  Brief description of Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  Parent types of Congenital conditions: Infant conditions, Non-Contagious Diseases
  Types of Congenital conditions: Congenital heart conditions, Spina bifida, Zellweger Syndrome, Congenital syphilis, Congenital SMA with arthrogryposis, Rubella congenital syndrome, Congenital hypothyroidism, Congenital Muscular Dystrophy, Congenital agammaglobulinemia, Agenesis of the corpus callosum, Aicardi syndrome, Anencephaly, Arteriovenous Malformation, Congenital abnormality, Craniosynostosis, Dandy-Walker Syndrome, Empty Sella Syndrome, Congenital malaria, Congenital myasthenia, Hydranencephaly, Congenital Hydrocephalus, Congenital hip dislocation, Klippel Feil Syndrome, Mobius syndrome, Neuronal Migration Disorders, Holoprosencephaly
How many people get Congenital conditions?
  Prevalance of Congenital conditions: 3-4% of babies (NWHIC)
  Prevalance Rate of Congenital conditions: approx 1 in 33 or 3.00% or 8.2 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Congenital conditions: Three to four percent of all babies are born with a major birth defect.1
How serious is Congenital conditions?
  Average life years lost for Congenital conditions: 59.2 for birth defects in North Carolina2.
  Deaths for Congenital conditions: 10,393 deaths reported in USA 1999 for congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities(NVSR Sep 2001)
What causes Congenital conditions?
  Class of Condition for Congenital conditions: congen.defect
  Causes of Congenital conditions: see causes of Congenital conditions
  Risk factors for Congenital conditions: see risk factors for Congenital conditions
How is it treated?
  Prevention of Congenital conditions: see prevention of Congenital conditions
Society issues for Congenital conditions
  Hospitalization statistics for Congenital conditions: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Congenital conditions:
  • 207,000 hospital discharges for birth defects or congenital anomalies in the US 2001 (2001 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • Average length of stay in hospitals for birth defects or congenital anomalies was 5.5 days in the US 2001 (2001 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 0.79% (100,527) of hospital episodes were for congenital malformations in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 93% of hospital consultations for congenital malformations required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital episodes for congenital malformations were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital episodes for congenital malformations were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10% of hospital admissions for congenital malformations required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for congenital malformations in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for congenital malformations in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for congenital malformations in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 19% of hospitalisations for congenital malformations occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospitalisations for congenital malformations occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 27% of hospitalisations for congenital malformations were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.51% (268,966) of hospital bed days were for congenital malformations in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia:
    • 0.58% (23,190) of hospital episodes were for congenital abnormalities in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 48% of hospitalisations for congenital abnormalities were single day episodes in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 80% of hospitalisations in public hospitals for congenital abnormalities were by public patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 20% of hospitalisations in public hospitals for congenital abnormalities were by private patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Hospitalisations for congenital abnormalities at public hospitals occurred in 11.9 people per 10,000 population in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 3.7 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for congenital abnormalities in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Excluding same day episodes, 6.3 days was the mean length of stay in public hospitals for congenital abnormalities in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.44% (10,697) of private hospital episodes were for congenital abnormalities in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 56.1% of hospitalisations in private hospitals for congenital abnormalities were single day in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 1.9% of hospitalisations in private hospitals for congenital abnormalities were by public patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 98% of hospitalisations in private hospitals for congenital abnormalities were by private patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Hospitalisations in private hospitals for congenital abnormalities occurred in 5.5 people per 10,000 population in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 2.1 days was the mean length of stay in private hospitals for congenital abnormalities in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Excluding same day episodes, 3.4 days was the mean length of stay in private hospitals for congenital abnormalities in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Prenatal Care: NWHIC
2. Years of Potential Life Lost in North Carolina, NCMJ March/April 2002, Volume 63, Number 2

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