Prognosis of Coma


About prognosis: The 'prognosis' of Coma usually refers to the likely outcome of Coma. The prognosis of Coma may include the duration of Coma, chances of complications of Coma, probable outcomes, prospects for recovery, recovery period for Coma, survival rates, death rates, and other outcome possibilities in the overall prognosis of Coma. Naturally, such forecast issues are by their nature unpredictable.

Prognosis for Coma: The outcome for coma and vegetative state depends on the cause and on the location, severity, and extent of neurological damage: outcomes range from recovery to death. People may emerge from a coma with a combination of physical, intellectual, and psychological difficulties that need special attention. Recovery usually occurs gradually, with patients acquiring more and more ability to respond. Some patients never progress beyond very basic responses, but many recover full awareness. Patients recovering from coma require close medical supervision. A coma rarely lasts more than 2 to 4 weeks. Some patients may regain a degree of awareness after vegetative state. Others may remain in a vegetative state for years or even decades. The most common cause of death for a person in a vegetative state is infection such as pneumonia. 1
Duration of Coma: often short; rarely more than 2-4 weeks
Complications: see complications of Coma

1. excerpt from NINDS Coma Information Page: NINDS

Last revision: May 26, 2003

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