Complications of Celiac Disease


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About complications: Complications of Celiac Disease are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other disorders that are caused by Celiac Disease. In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Celiac Disease and complications of Celiac Disease is unclear or arbitrary.

Complications list for Celiac Disease: The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Celiac Disease includes:

Complications of Celiac Disease: Damage to the small intestine and the resulting problems with nutrient absorption put a person with celiac disease at risk for several diseases and health problems.

  • Lymphoma and adenocarcinoma are types of cancer that can develop in the intestine.

  • Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become weak, brittle, and prone to breaking. Poor calcium absorption is a contributing factor to osteoporosis.

  • Miscarriage and congenital malformation of the baby, such as neural tube defects, are risks for untreated pregnant women with celiac disease because of malabsorption of nutrients.

  • Short stature results when childhood celiac disease prevents nutrient absorption during the years when nutrition is critical to a child's normal growth and development. Children who are diagnosed and treated before their growth stops may have a catch-up period.

  • Seizures, or convulsions, result from inadequate absorption of folic acid. Lack of folic acid causes calcium deposits, called calcifications, to form in the brain, which in turn cause seizures.

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Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Celiac Disease: NIDDK

Last revision: April 9, 2003

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