Basic Summary for Celiac Disease


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Main name of condition: Celiac Disease
Other names or spellings: Coeliac Disease, Gluten intolerance, celiac sprue, nontropical sprue, gluten-sensitive enteropathy


What is Celiac Disease?
  Brief description of Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
  Parent types of Celiac Disease: Autoimmune diseases, Digestive Diseases, Chronic digestive diseases, Inflammatory bowel disease, Under-diagnosed conditions, Intestinal Conditions
  Organs Affected by Celiac Disease: intestine, digestive
How many people get Celiac Disease?
  Prevalance of Celiac Disease: 1 in 250 Americans estimated rate; actual diagnosis rate is 1 in 4,700 Americans; 1 in 250 in Italy; 1 in 300 in Ireland; 20,000 diagnosed (Reader's Digest Feb 2004)
  Prevalance Rate of Celiac Disease: approx 1 in 249 or 0.40% or 1.1 million people in USA [about data]
  Undiagnosed prevalence of Celiac Disease: estimated 1 million undiagnosed Americans; more than a million (Reader's Digest Feb 2004)
  Undiagnosed prevalence rate of Celiac Disease: approx 1 in 272 or 0.37% or 1 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Celiac Disease: Celiac disease is the most common genetic disease in Europe. In Italy about 1 in 250 people and in Ireland about 1 in 300 people have celiac disease. It is rarely diagnosed in African, Chinese, and Japanese people.

An estimated 1 in 4,700 Americans have been diagnosed with celiac disease. Some researchers question how celiac disease could be so uncommon in the United States since it is hereditary and many Americans descend from European ethnic groups in whom the disease is common. A recent study in which random blood samples from the Red Cross were tested for celiac disease suggests that as many as 1 in every 250 Americans may have it. 1


How serious is Celiac Disease?
  Complications of Celiac Disease: see complications of Celiac Disease
What causes Celiac Disease?
  Causes of Celiac Disease: Celiac disease is a genetic disease, meaning that it runs in families. Sometimes the disease is triggered--or becomes active for the first time--after surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, viral infection, or severe emotional stress. 1
  Class of Condition for Celiac Disease: autoimmune
  Causes of Celiac Disease: see causes of Celiac Disease
  Risk factors for Celiac Disease: see risk factors for Celiac Disease
What are the symptoms of Celiac Disease?
  Symptoms of Celiac Disease: see symptoms of Celiac Disease
Can anyone else get Celiac Disease?
  Contagion of autoimmunity: generally not; see details in contagion of autoimmune diseases.
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Celiac Disease: see treatments for Celiac Disease

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Celiac Disease: NIDDK

Last revision: April 9, 2003

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